ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov.

Abstract
The article studies the issue of correlation between the principles of the Russian criminal procedure and the moral principles of implementing the criminal-procedural activity. Viewing the principles as fundamental ideas, basic provisions, based on objective regularities, the authors conclude that they should be filled with deep moral content. Assuming that the connecting link between morals and law is justice, the authors research this category with regard to implementing the Russian criminal legal procedure and conclude that, despite the formally definite norm of the criminal-procedural law concerning the sentence justice as compliance between the imposed penalty, the crime gravity and the personality of the accused, the doctrine and practice of criminal legal procedure expand this literal understanding of justice up to implying the necessity to ascertain the truth in a case.The article also investigates the issues of moral dilemmas arising from the principle of free estimation of evidences, based on the consciousness of a procedure participant. The authors research the social phenomenon of “systemic conscience” established in the Russian criminal legal procedure, which largely determines the so called accusatory bias in the Russian judges’ activity.The article is of interest for the researchers of the modern criminal legal procedure issues, as well as for the broad public.

Key words: moral bases of criminal legal procedure, principles of criminal legal procedure, justice of criminal legal activity, estimation of evidences.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. JCR. 2020; 7(12): 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280


Web Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=98052 [Access: June 02, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. JCR. 2020; 7(12): 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. JCR. (2020), [cited June 02, 2021]; 7(12): 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280



Harvard Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov (2020) PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. JCR, 7 (12), 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280



Turabian Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. 2020. PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (12), 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280



Chicago Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. "PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov. "PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.12 (2020), 1747-1759. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nina S. Manova, Marina A. Baranova, Galina I. Sedova, Anton Ye. Fediunin, Dmitri S. Ustinov (2020) PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL LEGAL PROCEDURE AS EMBODIMENT OF MORAL BASES OF CRIMINAL-PROCEDURAL ACTIVITY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (12), 1747-1759. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.12.280