ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi.

Abstract
The current investigation endeavors to explore VLS use among 400Pakistani learners of higher
secondary level in an ESL context with the consideration of gender and their lexical competence. The
SILL was used to explore strategy use and vocabulary test to check their lexical competence. The
results of an independent t-test demonstrated variation having statistical significance pertaining to the
scores in mean of the six categories. As far as gender is concerned, the girls use more VLS as
compared to the boys. Moreover,both the boys and girls prefer to exploit metacognitive strategies in
order to enrich their vocabulary.The boys use all the six categories at medium level whereas thegirls
usemetacognitiveand social at high level in accordance with the scoring system of Oxford (1990).
These findings are further confirmed by relationship of strategy use with studentsí performance. The
result of Pearson correlation showed that VLS and learnersí performance are significantly
positivelycorrelated.Thus, it implies that studentsí lexical competence increases with an increase
regarding the exploitation of strategies.

Key words: Gender, Vocabulary learning strategies, lexical competence


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. JCR. 2021; 8(2): -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157


Web Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=88909 [Access: June 18, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. JCR. 2021; 8(2): -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. JCR. (2021), [cited June 18, 2021]; 8(2): -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157



Harvard Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi (2021) VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. JCR, 8 (2), -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157



Turabian Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. 2021. VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157



Chicago Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. "VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi. "VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), -. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

NailaGul, Dr. RaheelaKhurshid, Dr. Muhammad Javed Khan, Dr. ZafarIqbalKhattak, Dr. Muhammad Masood Abbasi (2021) VOCABULARY LEARNING STRATEGIES AMONG PAKISTANI ESL LEARNERS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), -. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.157