ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde.

Abstract
Majority of the people of South Sulawesi are working in agrarian sector. This condition causes
gender issues in plantation sector seeking equality that provides the same opportunity between boys and girls to
participate in helping the economy of the family. Participation of boys and girls is a manifestation of gender
role participation that provides both quantity and quality division of labor in maximizing cocoa cultivation. The
research employed a qualitative approach with a case study of 14 male and female cocoa farmers from 7-12
years old in cocoa plantation centers of South Sulawesi, particularly in Luwu District of Noling Village. The
focus of the research is to explore in depth the participation of gender roles in14 gender-based cocoa farmers.
First, categorize the extent of boys and girls’ participation in cocoa cultivation in terms of time contribution
aspect. Second, the participation of boys and girls’ roles in assisting the family economy in gender
equality based of cocoa plantation sector. The aim of this study is to inform the community that the roles of
boys and girls in the cultivation of cocoa have provided information on the contribution of women in the
plantation sector. The results of the study found that first, the level of participation among boys was greater than
the women in cacao cultures from time aspect. Boys take 3-5 hours in helping parents, compared to girls around
>1 Hour-2 Hours. Second, Participation of the role that boys play helps the parents begin their land preparation,
breeding, planting, maintenance, eradication of cacao pests, while women have a role at the end of post and
harvest time of picking, sorting the fruit, and the authority to manage the sale of cocoa beans. Involvement of
boys and girls in plantation processes indicated boys’ involvement is more dominant. Participation of gender
roles in cocoa planting puts the position between different men and women. Men are still considered superior
and women are only involved in the harvest. Patriarchy culture contributes to the case because the community
has not given recognition of gender equality in cocoa plantation. Cocoa plantation is still recognized as the
work of men. Functional theory sees that men and women are part of the value structure in people's lives.

Key words: Gender, Role of Participation, Children of Cocoa Farmers, South Sulawesi


 
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Pubmed Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259


Web Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=5415 [Access: June 02, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. JCR. (2020), [cited June 02, 2021]; 7(16): 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259



Harvard Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde (2020) CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. JCR, 7 (16), 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259



Turabian Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. 2020. CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259



Chicago Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. "CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde. "CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 2021-2027. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tuti Bahfiarti, Arianto, Andi Alimuddin Unde (2020) CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF GENDER PARTICIPATION ROLE: CASE STUDY OF COCOA FARMERS CHILDREN IN SOUTH SULAWESI, INDONESIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 2021-2027. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.259