ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang.

Abstract
Citizens' participation in the decision-making process is a fundamental ingredient of democracy.
However, not all governments in democracies can position their citizens as having political power in setting
agendas in the policymaking process. For this reason, this study measures the quality of citizen participation by
considering their bargaining position with policymakers. This study applies Arnstein's (1969) theory of the
ladder of participation as an analytical framework based on four main variables of participation, namely: access,
awareness, control, and benefits. This research employs a survey method and interviewed 420 respondents in
Kutai Kartanegara Regency, Indonesia. This study indicates that the quality of citizen participation in decision
making is at the level of participation at this level of mere formalism. The practical implication of this research
is to enable local governments to improve the citizenship quality of citizens who can provide citizenship
mapping, which will be used to discuss which strategies should be used in encouraging citizens to engage in
regional development.

Key words: Citizen Participation; Local Government, Decision Making, Indonesia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251


Web Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=5381 [Access: June 01, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. JCR. (2020), [cited June 01, 2021]; 7(16): 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251



Harvard Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang (2020) APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. JCR, 7 (16), 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251



Turabian Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. 2020. APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251



Chicago Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. "APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang. "APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 1959-1967. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Andi Ahmad Yani, Andi Yudha Yunus, Andi Rahmat Hidayat, Amril Hans, Salma Tadjang (2020) APPRAISING CITIZENS' PARTICIPATION IN LOCAL DECISION-MAKING PROCESS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 1959-1967. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.251