This research is about waqf assets or properties in Ambon. More than 20 years after Maluku conflict, there are still many traces of buildings found in various corners of the city that have not been managed well. The ruins of the buildings are places of worship for muslim, consisting of mosques or musalla, which have been abandoned by the worshipers and Muslims since they are located in non-Muslim settlements.
Those buildings are waqf assets or properties that should not be abandoned without being used. Aside from the fact that waqf properties are supposed to be used according to its allotment so that the reward can continue to flow to the donor (waqif), some of the waqf properties have high economic value if commercialized, so a number of people try to transfer the properties’ right into their personal assets, such as by trying to sell or exchange them for other assets, though so far nothing has worked. Absolutely there is no chance at all to sell waqf properties, based on either Sharia or positive laws applicable in Indonesia. Even though there is an opportunity to swap the properties, the requirements and the process are not easy as it must involve many relevant parties and need permission from the Ministry of Religious Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia.
The only reasonable opportunity to manage waqf properties is to change its allotment, from its original function as a place of worship to another allotment permitted by Sharia, for example by converting it to a productive waqf which benefits people around it. It can also be turned into a shop or place for other economic activities, managed by the administrators (nazir), or the administrators can rent them out to the third parties, and the rent payment is used for the people’s welfare and benefit.
The results of interviews with the informants revealed that they had never thought of changing the allotment of waqf properties. They agreed that it would be the best solution that was not against the Sharia and applicable laws. Therefore, this solution needs to be followed up immediately with the waqf revitalization. For administrators who is still alive and domiciled in Ambon, they need to be nurtured immediately so that they can pay attention to their waqf properties. On the other hand, for administrators who have passed away or no longer domiciled in Ambon, they need to be replaced immediately by the new administrators. They are expected to be able to manage these assets to be productive waqf for the Muslims’ benefit, not for the personal or group interests.
To provide solution and avoid new problem in the society, then it is necessary to involve all waqf stakeholders before move to the allotment process, starting from administrators, donor or their families, Religious Affairs Office, Ministry of Religious Affairs, Indonesian Ulema Council, BWI (Indonesian Waqf Board), the government, and other related parties, so that this step can be understood and become a collective agreement so as not to cause undesirable things
commercialized, Republic, Council, waqf stakeholders