ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS

Nishant Kumar Pathak, Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu.

Abstract
Internet of things (IoT) technology is the thing in focus these days and it finds the support from
underlying wireless sensor network (WSN). WSN is network of many sensor nodes that connect with each
other, sense data from the environment and pass it to server/base station for useful actions to be taken. These
sensor nodes have only limited batteries and they run out of it quite early thereby asking for redeployment. In
order to increase the network lifetime, clustering approach has been used by the research in the recent past.
Clustering allows the data to be sent to central sever from the nodes via cluster heads. The existing clustering
approaches lack the optimal selection of cluster heads and the optimal way to forward data from the sensors to
server. This paper presents Two-Fold Gravitational Search Algorithm (GSA) based approach for WSN for IoT
application that uses Mobile Agents (MA) for the data collection from the nodes. In this approach first the GSA
has been used for optimal selection of cluster heads and then GSA has been used for optimizing itinerary of the
Mobile Agent to collect data from the sensor nodes. The various parameters used for optimizing the cluster head
selection were the remaining energy of the nodes, their communication cost with the base station and number of
neighbors having emergency data. While in data transmission phase, the k means clustering was used for
allocating source nodes to MA and GSA was used for itinerary optimization. The proposed approach has been
compared with other clustering protocols in terms of network lifetime and energy consumption. Also, GSA
based itinerary planning of the MA has been compared with other itinerary planning approaches for the MA in
terms of success rate and task energy consumption. The proposed protocol has shown better network stability,
lesser energy consumption and better success rate for MA as compared to other techniques.

Key words: Internet of Things, Wireless Sensor Network, Clustering, Mobile Agent, Gravitational Search Optimization


 
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Pubmed Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409


Web Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=132135 [Access: June 03, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. JCR. (2020), [cited June 03, 2021]; 7(16): 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409



Harvard Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu (2020) TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. JCR, 7 (16), 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409



Turabian Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. 2020. TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409



Chicago Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. "TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu. "TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 3199-3212. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nishant Kumar Pathak , Dr. Harmaninderjit Singh Sidhu (2020) TWO FOLD GRAVITATIONAL SEARCH OPTIMIZATION BASED CLUSTERING PROTOCOL FOR WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORKS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 3199-3212. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.409