ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE

Mandeep Kaur,Satvinderpal Kaur.

Abstract
The roots of the gender inequality can be seen in the very basic unit of the society, i.e., the
family. Usually parents treat daughters and sons differently. This sense of exclusion leads girls to have limited
access to resources, opportunities and inability to assert for the educational rights as such. Parents from
underprivileged section in rural setup cannot afford to impart education to their children and therefore prefer
sons to schools for basic education and make their daughters learn to carryover the household chores and
support in agriculture-related activities. A poor and born in rural Dalit community in a feudal society, a girl
means the multiple burdens of caste combined with pervasive patriarchy and social inequality. Caste- class
dynamics and the age-old deep mental blocks work together for the girls’ educational decisions in such
communities. In a marginalized and poor family, the destiny of daughters depends upon the fact that how
parents perceive their education and decides their future. The present study has tried to examine the perceptions
and attitude of the underprivileged Dalit and non-Dalit parents regarding girls' education in 'Chand Bhan' village
of district Faridkot in Punjab. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected from 55 parents (29) Dalit and
(26) non-Dalit, provided certain insights regarding the issue. The findings revealed that the overall attitude of
Dalit parents is unfavorable, rather negative towards the education of their daughters. On the other hand,
non-Dalit parents were moderately favorable and comparatively were more positive towards education of their
girls. Mothers from both communities were having more positive attitude towards schooling and education of
their daughters than fathers do. It indicates that along with the cost of marriage and sons’ education preference,
the gender stereotype and home responsibilities play vital role to decide about the educational opportunity of the
girls in underprivileged communities. The findings revealed that much portrayed girls education is not the
reality in the deprived rural settings. Girls' education is preferred second to the sons and also depend upon the
economic conditions of the family. The study also indicated that, although state government's efforts at
universalizing education has resulted in creating mass awareness and response towards education, on the other
hand the institutionalized social structures and caste- class interplay substantially matter in deciding girls' access
to education.

Key words: Caste, Dalit non-Dalit Girls, Education, Parental Attitude


 
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Pubmed Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492


Web Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=128964 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(10): 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492



Harvard Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur (2020) PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. JCR, 7 (10), 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492



Turabian Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. 2020. PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492



Chicago Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. "PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur. "PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.10 (2020), 3038-3045. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mandeep Kaur ,Satvinderpal Kaur (2020) PARENTAL ATTITUDE TOWARDS GIRLS’ EDUCATION AND CASTE-CLASS FACTORS: INSIGHTS FROM PUNJAB VILLAGE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 3038-3045. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.492