ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, 5Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng.

Abstract
This purpose of this study is to examine the factors that might encourage or discourage people in learning martial arts
in Malaysia. We use Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as the theoretical framework in our study and Aikido, a
modern Japanese martial art as our focus. TPB has been widely used in quite number of research areas such as
health, transportationand environmental, to study the behavior of its targeted respondents (e.g. students, consumers,
etc.). However, there is little research that has been conducted using TPB in martial arts, especially in Malaysia.
Hence, we feel that it is time to use TPB to explore the martial arts learning behavior. Future researchers will be able
to use this study as the foundationfor future empirical research. It is hope that future research findings will be able
help and assist Aikido instructors and practitioners to popularize and develop the Art further in Malaysia.

Key words: Martial Arts, Physical Activity, Aikido, Theory of Planned Behavior, Malaysia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400


Web Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=107868 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. JCR. (2020), [cited May 30, 2021]; 7(9): 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400



Harvard Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng (2020) A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. JCR, 7 (9), 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400



Turabian Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. 2020. A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400



Chicago Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. "A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng. "A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.9 (2020), 2473-2478. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thiam Yong Kuek, Timothy Tzen Vun Yap, I-Chi Chen, Yuen Onn Choong, Kock Lim Tan, Yoke Chin Kuah, Yin Kuan Ng (2020) A CONCEPTUAL STUDY USING THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR TO DETERMINE MARTIAL ARTS LEARNING BEHAVIOR IN MALAYSIA: THROUGH AIKIDO PERSPECTIVE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 2473-2478. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.400