ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth.

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to reveal the media's insensitivity to female Muslim scholars (ustadzah) in Indonesia by showing the media's tendency to support the dominance of patriarchal culture and use male-centered perspectives when understanding social and religious issues. This article applies critical discourse analysis to explore the media representation of ustadzah in Indonesia, with a focus on representations of certain actors and subjects. The processes of inclusion and exclusion are analyzed in detail. Ustadzah are rarely involved in Indonesian social discourses. Although Indonesians tend to learn about Islamic scholars and scholars through the media, ustadzah have a limited media presence. As such, religious discourse in Indonesia—the world's largest Muslim-majority country—is dominated by those male scholars whose sermons are frequently televised.The typology of female Muslim scholars produced by this study (controversial scholars, incompetent scholars, and commercial scholars) provides an analytical tool for understanding the media's construction of gender. It shows that, even as times change, patriarchal culture and power structures continue to dominate Indonesian social life and media. Although the media has long been described as a pillar of democracy, its practices are ironically quite different: it is very authoritarian and pro-status quo. The media is used as a tool to legitimize the power and dominance of patriarchal culture. Even though women are widely involved in the public sector, they are still considered the second sex.

Key words: gender representation, female Muslim preachers, media insensitivity, marginalization, Indonesia


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Muhammad Fahmi
Articles by Irwan Abdullah
Articles by Hasanah Hasanah
Articles by Imam Mujahid
Articles by Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44


Web Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=97214 [Access: August 21, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. JCR. (2020), [cited August 21, 2021]; 7(5): 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44



Harvard Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth (2020) MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. JCR, 7 (5), 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44



Turabian Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. 2020. MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44



Chicago Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. "MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth. "MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.5 (2020), 250-255. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Muhammad Fahmi, Irwan Abdullah, Hasanah Hasanah, Imam Mujahid, Misbah Zulfa Elizabeth (2020) MEDIA REPRESENTATIONS OF GENDER: THE MARGINALIZATION OF FEMALE MUSLIM SCHOLARS IN INDONESIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 250-255. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.44