ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis.

Abstract
Anxiety are conditions that were commonly experienced by pregnant women which can be at risk of preterm birth, Prior studies of non-pregnant adults have shown that coping skills can reduce anxiety.The aim of this study was was to look at the effect of coping skills on anxiety and cortisol levels inprimigravida with hypertension. RCT Trial with pre and post were conducted for primigravida hypertension in Semarang City in 2018-2019. 76 PH, 38 EG and 38 CG.Data were the Zung Self-rating Experiment twice for 28 days. (SB) 190.5; (84.1); CG average (SB) 135.8 (53.4); delta EG -30.0; (76.2), CG 9.5; (66.9.)All the participants had an average pretest anxiety score: EG 36.5, CG.38.9 . There was a posttest anxiety (aOR = 5.81, 95% CI = 1.50-22.45), and mean pretest cortisol levels. this study concluded that coping skills are non-pharmacological interventions that are effective in reducing anxiety and cortisol levels.

Key words: coping skills, anxiety, cortisol levels; primigravida; hypertension.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32


Web Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=97194 [Access: August 16, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. JCR. (2020), [cited August 16, 2021]; 7(5): 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32



Harvard Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis (2020) DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. JCR, 7 (5), 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32



Turabian Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. 2020. DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32



Chicago Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. "DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis. "DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.5 (2020), 193-196. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Tri Susilowati, Noor Pramono, Siti Fatimah Muis (2020) DECREASED ANXIETY LEVELS, AND CORTISOL LEVELS THROUGH PRIMIGRAVIDA COPING SKILLS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 193-196. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.32