ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah.

Abstract
Leadership has been considered as an important factor which has great influence on the performance of organizations, managers, and employees worldwide. The success of the organization depends on the efficiency of the leader to uplift individual performance. Among all other sectors banking sector is considered as backbone of the economy and contributes significantly in the growth of economic development worldwide. Therefore, the present study is called to examine the corresponding dimensions of transactional and transformational leadership styles in relation to job performance. Specifically, positive relationships were found between two dimensions of transactional leadership (contingent reward and management by exception [active]) with job performance. Conversely, the significance of relationship between management by exception (passive) and job performance was not supported. However, except intellectual stimulation, remaining four dimensions of transformational leadership styles, namely, idealized influence (attributed), idealized influence (behavior), inspirational motivation, and individualized consideration, were found positively related to job performance. Additionally, while performance appraisal politics moderated the relationship between transformational leadership style and job performance, the reverse was found for the relationship between transactional leadership style and job performance. In general, the results suggested that transformational leadership indeed plays an integral role in facilitating job performance; this relationship is strengthened in the presence of the moderating variable, performance appraisal politics.

Key words: Transactional Leadership, Transformational Leadership, Job Performance, Performance Appraisal Politics, Banks, Pakistan


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30


Web Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=97192 [Access: August 18, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. JCR. (2020), [cited August 18, 2021]; 7(5): 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30



Harvard Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah (2020) THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. JCR, 7 (5), 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30



Turabian Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. 2020. THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30



Chicago Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. "THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah. "THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.5 (2020), 183-189. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Kamal Ab. Hamid, Syed Mir Muhammad Shah, Nor Irwani Abdul Rahman, Shahrizal Badlishah (2020) THE MODERATING IMPACT OF PERFORMANCE APPRAISAL POLITICS ON LEADERSHIP STYLES AND JOB PERFORMANCE: OVERVIEW FROM BANKING SECTOR IN PAKISTAN. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 183-189. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.30