ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali.

Abstract
This research aims to analyses on the preparedness and responses of discharged oil from passenger vessels. The research emphases on the procedures of handling process from the discharged oil through the passenger vessels at jetty area. It is crucial for the ferry terminal authorities to preserve jetty from any oil pollution. The elements of sources and effects of the oil spills are categorized as the independent variables towards the dependent variables of preparedness and response to the discharged oil of passenger vessels. A method of questionnaire survey has been applied in this research and has received 80 sets of questionnaires from the targeted respondents located at the Lumut Jetty, Perak, Malaysia. The closed ended questions comprised of the demographical background of the respondentsí, elements preparedness and response. The descriptive and frequency analysis, multiple correlations and multiple regression have been applied for the data analysis. The finding has indicated that the behaviour of the surroundings area at the Lumut Jetty has indicated as the main contributory factor to preparedness and response towards the oil spills.

Key words: Oil Discharged, Oil Spill, Passenger Vessels, Preparedness, Response


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. JCR. 2020; 7(3): 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100


Web Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=92513 [Access: June 01, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. JCR. 2020; 7(3): 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. JCR. (2020), [cited June 01, 2021]; 7(3): 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100



Harvard Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali (2020) PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. JCR, 7 (3), 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100



Turabian Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. 2020. PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (3), 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100



Chicago Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. "PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali. "PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.3 (2020), 565-572. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ismila Che Ishak, Ahmad Hazwan Ahmad Fuad, Nazliah Mohd Ali (2020) PREPAREDNESS AND RESPONSE ON OIL DISCHARGED FROM PASSENGER VESSELS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (3), 565-572. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.03.100