ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin.

Abstract
Boko Haram came to limelight in 2009 as a result of its violent confrontation with the Nigerian government. However, its genesis could be linked to the effects of colonialism and the subsequent socio-economic reality of north-East Nigeria. The activities of the group resulted in the death and displacement of many people in the Lake Chad area with significant damage to Nigeria. As a terror group claiming to be operating under the principles of Islam, the ideology of Boko Haram centred on the Rejection of western education, condemnation of secularism and westernisation and the incompatibility of Islam with democracy. These gave rise to discourses on the fields and settings of acquiring knowledge in western oriented schools, the concept of taghut (polytheism), employment under a secular government, and the issue of khawarijism. Thus, to blunt the narratives of Boko Haram and to contain the rise of similar groups, this paper recommends that religious activities such as preaching, delivery of sermons, informal Islamic schools and all religious institutions have to be centralised and strictly controlled by the government. Also, a counter narratives campaign has to be embarked by the government by using the existing religious and traditional institutions to deradicalise the mind of the brain-washed people more especially the youth. The Social media is recommended to be the appropriate and effective channel.

Key words: Boko Haram, Ideology, Narrative, Tenet


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. JCR. 2020; 7(2): 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148


Web Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=90088 [Access: April 12, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. JCR. 2020; 7(2): 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. JCR. (2020), [cited April 12, 2021]; 7(2): 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148



Harvard Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin (2020) THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. JCR, 7 (2), 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148



Turabian Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. 2020. THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (2), 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148



Chicago Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. "THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin. "THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.2 (2020), 806-810. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohd Afandi Salleh,Nasa段 Muhammad Gwadabe, Fadzli Adam, Miftachul Huda, Mohd Fauzi Abu Hussin (2020) THE USE OF RELIGION AS TOOL FOR IDEOLOGICAL INDOCTRINATION BY BOKO HARAM: A CRITICAL DISCOURSE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (2), 806-810. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.02.148