ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY

Amar Deka.

Abstract
The paper attempts to understand the catalytic role of the great earthquake of 1897 on the outbreak of cholera and transmission of kala-Azar among the natives of Assam. The paper also tries to analyse the responses and disease control measures of the colonial government in the closing years of the nineteenth century. Assam lies in one of the most active seismic zone in the world. This region has been experiencing innumerous earthquake since the time immemorial. On 12th June 1897 this region is struck by an earthquake of great severity with magnitude of about 9.7 on the Richter scale. The earthquake had created a great havoc. A large number of masonry buildings, houses, railways, telegraph lines and other govermnet facilities were converted into heap of ruins. It had tremendous impact on the drainage system of Brahmaputra and Surma-Barak valley. The earthquake with incessant rain was followed by flood in many places. The earthquake had a negative impact on the general health of the people. The rate of transmission of kala-azar increased considerably. Diseaese like cholera, fever and malaria broke out in many places in epidemic form due to dislocation of water supply and sanitation system.

Key words: earthquake, epidemic, kala-azar Cholera, Assam


 
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Pubmed Style

Amar Deka. 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480


Web Style

Amar Deka. 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=8567 [Access: April 10, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Amar Deka. 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Amar Deka. 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. JCR. (2020), [cited April 10, 2021]; 7(9): 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480



Harvard Style

Amar Deka (2020) 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. JCR, 7 (9), 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480



Turabian Style

Amar Deka. 2020. 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480



Chicago Style

Amar Deka. "1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Amar Deka. "1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.9 (2020), 3144-3148. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Amar Deka (2020) 1897 EARTHQUAKE AND THE OUTBREAK OF CHOLERA AND KALA-AZAR IN COLONIAL ASSAM: A STUDY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 3144-3148. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.9.480