ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood.

Abstract
Grammaticalization is identified as a process of change in which lexical items that represent to verbs or nouns; start playing the role of grammatical markers. These linguistic constructs change their meanings and usage over the time due to their grammatical functions in language. The aim of present research is to study and identify the grammatical changes in Pakistani English diachronically. For this purpose, quantitative approach has been exploited. With the help of literature, the number of grammatical constructs has been selected that would be the part of our research such as going to vs. will/shall, have to vs. must, be-passive vs. get-passive etc. Moreover, to study the grammatical changes in Pakistani English, the written corpus has been collected that consists of research papers , books , editorials etc. After that, the selected corpus has been divided into 5 decades and tagged by MAT tagger. The distribution of these grammatical units has been studied with the help of Antconc. tool that assists to identify and understand the process grammaticalization in present corpus. The finding of our research can be helpful to understand the phenomena of language change and how the languages evolve over the time. It also depicts the clear picture of the present and future of language with the reference to the past

Key words: grammaticalization, corpus, diachronic , Pakistani English


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103


Web Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=79436 [Access: May 07, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. JCR. (2021), [cited May 07, 2021]; 8(2): 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103



Harvard Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood (2021) A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. JCR, 8 (2), 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103



Turabian Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. 2021. A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103



Chicago Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. "A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood. "A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 987-1001. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Attia Rasool, M.Kafeel Ashraf, Dr. M. Asim Mahmood (2021) A Diachronic Study of Grammatical Changes in Pakistani English. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 987-1001. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.103