ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research)

Behrouz Zarea.

Abstract
In the old European law and the old European prosecution system, the use of supernatural evidence to prove a crime was natural, and such evidence had judicial validity and value, and their use to prove a crime was accepted. In the Roman Empire and medieval Europe, the system of legal evidence gradually became popular, and during the French Revolution, the method of persuading the conscience of the judge replaced the system of legal evidence, which is still reflected in the Code of Criminal Procedure. The Iranian legislature also adapted the system of moral evidence through the Code of Criminal Procedure adopted in 1290 AH from the Code of Criminal Procedure of 1808 AD and by combining it with the system of legal evidence, he built a system of two systems based on the knowledge of the judge. This article examines the views related to this issue with a descriptive-analytical method and a comparative approach. The result was that a written contract, like French law, was only effective at the probation stage. Filing a lawsuit and not anticipating effective enforcement guarantees in this regard reinforces the latter proposition. Evidence of labor relations claims is provided in the By-Laws of the Code of Labor Law approved in 2012 and the testimony of witnesses and oaths is not mentioned as evidence in a specific sense (contrary to the laws of the subject). In French law, the labor law has no provision for proof, and thus all reasons are admissible under civil law; this is not unlikely to be accepted in our law, given the laws of the subject and the spirit of labor law, in order to protect the working class.

Key words: Lawsuit, Labor Law, Iran, France


 
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Pubmed Style

Behrouz Zarea. Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). JCR. 2021; 8(2): 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90


Web Style

Behrouz Zarea. Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=78072 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Behrouz Zarea. Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). JCR. 2021; 8(2): 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Behrouz Zarea. Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). JCR. (2021), [cited May 30, 2021]; 8(2): 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90



Harvard Style

Behrouz Zarea (2021) Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). JCR, 8 (2), 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90



Turabian Style

Behrouz Zarea. 2021. Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90



Chicago Style

Behrouz Zarea. "Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Behrouz Zarea. "Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 859-864. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Behrouz Zarea (2021) Investigation of a lawsuit in the labor law of Iran and France (comparative research). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 859-864. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.90