ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol.

Abstract
Whilst there is an abundance of studies exploring depression, limited researchers focused on the use of qualitative metaphors to trace different faces of depression in college students. The purpose of this study is to describe various images relevant to the characteristics of depressed and not depressed college students through doodling. The subject of this qualitative study was a select group of college students (n=75) identified as depressed using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) as a screening tool. Data were gathered from a robotfoto representing each subjectís demographic profile and a box for figurative expressions with a corresponding written explanation. Doodles were analyzed and clustered according to the similarities and differences of categories, and how they were interpreted by the subjects. From a lumper side of the reduction journey, a not depressed college student represents the encouraging, interacting, and refreshing type. The doodles indicate that they are the academically active one, can connect oneself to others, and has a positive outlook on life. They maintain to be physically and mentally healthy. On the other hand, a depressed college student characterizes as the masking, disengaging, and falling type. They may experience extreme sadness or emptiness, experience unceasing thoughts, prefer to be alone and afraid to show their real feelings. Notably, this study shows the need for school counselors and psychologists to be concerned with improving the mental health of depressed students as articulated from their metaphorical expressions.

Key words: depressed college students, not depressed college students, doodles, repertory grid


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72


Web Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=75855 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(2): 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72



Harvard Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol (2021) UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. JCR, 8 (2), 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72



Turabian Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. 2021. UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72



Chicago Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. "UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol. "UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 704-713. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Jo-ann E. Porillo, M.A., Joy R. Tungol (2021) UNDERSTANDING DEPRESSION THROUGH CONCEPTUAL METAPHORS: A CASE OF PHILIPPINE PRIVATE UNIVERSITY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 704-713. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.72