ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz.

Abstract
Methodological and data triangulations refer to the combination of various research techniques, methods of data collection and analysis for studying a particular question in a rigorous manner. This paper details the discussion on the concepts of methodological and data triangulation and their usefulness in research practices in general and with particular reference to foreign language education research in the Pakistani perspective. It is argued that employment of a single research instrument or research method to understand a complex phenomenon like the English language education is not desirable. An attempt has, thus, been made to record the authors‟ own experiences in collecting and analysing data from different sources using different methods. Triangulating the achievement test, the questionnaires, interview data and Observation data not only helped the researchers to cross validate findings but it also provided an opportunity to undertake the study from all angles so as to arrive at a deeper understanding of the phenomenon. The study concludes that methodological and data triangulation strategies are quite useful in studying various phenomena associated with English as foreign language education.

Key words: The study concludes that methodological and data triangulation strategies are quite useful in studying various phenomena associated with English as foreign language education.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71


Web Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=75854 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. JCR. (2021), [cited May 30, 2021]; 8(2): 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71



Harvard Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz (2021) Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. JCR, 8 (2), 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71



Turabian Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. 2021. Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71



Chicago Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. "Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz. "Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 696-703. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmar Jahanzeb, Dr. Muhammad Rashid Hafeez, Dr. Rana Faqir Muhammad Aslam, Dr. Shamshad Rasool, Dr. Muhammad Shahbaz (2021) Using Methodological and Data Triangulation in English Language Teaching Research. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 696-703. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.71