ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D).

Abstract
The study investigated the correlation between domestic violence and pupilsí achievement in basic science in Enugu state. The study adopted a correlational research design and was carried out in all the public primary schools in Enugu State using a sample size of 176 primary five pupils. Domestic Violence Questionnaire (DVQ) and a Proforma for Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science (PPABS) were the instruments used for data collection. The instruments were validated by three experts. The reliability indices of the instruments were estimated to be 0.85 and 0.90 respectively using Cronbach Alpha method. Data were analyzed using Regression analysis and independent samples t-test. The finding revealed that there was a significant negative relationship between exposure to domestic violence and pupilsí achievement in basic science. This finding has implication for educational evaluators who need to carry out further research on this subject matter to be better positioned in evaluating the aftermath effect of such domestic violence in other areas of childrenís development. Based on the findings, the researchers recommended that parents and caregivers should be encouraged to reduce the rate at which children are exposed to domestic violence

Key words: Domestic violence, pupils, achievement, basic science and gender


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46


Web Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=72316 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. JCR. (2021), [cited May 31, 2021]; 8(2): 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46



Harvard Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D) (2021) Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. JCR, 8 (2), 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46



Turabian Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). 2021. Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46



Chicago Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). "Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D). "Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 414-421. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Emmanuel C. Okenyi (Ph.D), Anthonia N. Ngwoke (Ph.D), Christian S. Ugwuanyi (Ph.D) (2021) Exposure to Domestic Violence as a correlate of Pupilsí Achievement in Basic Science in Enugu State: Implications for Educational Evaluators. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 414-421. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.46