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ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad.

Abstract
The study estimates the factors affecting female labor force participation (FLFP) in Pakistan. For this purpose, the
study uses Pakistan Social and Living Standard Measurement Survey data for the year 2013-14 and employs the
logit model because of the binary nature of the dependent variable. The results reveal that FLFP has a positive
relationship with the age of the female. Whereas it has u-shaped relation with the education of the women. Females
living in a household whose heads are professional; skilled agriculture, forestry, and fishery; elementary occupations
like laborer, hawkers, and masons have more chances to enter the labor market as compared to females whose
household heads are managers or executives. There is a negative relationship between FLFP and household size.
Poverty and female proportion are pull-factors, whereas wages are pull-factor. Further, the impacts of foreign
remittances on FLFP are favorable.

Key words: Female labor force participation, education, age, occupation, household size, poverty, female proportion, foreign remittances, and wages.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04


Web Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=66023 [Access: April 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. JCR. 2021; 8(2): 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. JCR. (2021), [cited April 17, 2021]; 8(2): 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04



Harvard Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad (2021) Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. JCR, 8 (2), 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04



Turabian Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. 2021. Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04



Chicago Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. "Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad. "Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.2 (2021), 28-35. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ahmed Raza Cheema, Shama Firdous, Touqeer Ahmad (2021) Estimating the Determinants of Female Labor Force Participation in Pakistan. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (2), 28-35. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.02.04