ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE)

Alfred Maroyi.

Abstract
Calodendrum capense (L. f.) Thunb. is a medium to large tree widely used as traditional
medicine in tropical Africa. This study is aimed at evaluating the ethnomedicinal uses,
phytochemical and pharmacological properties of C. capense. Results of the current study are
based on data derived from several online databases such as Scopus, Google Scholar,
PubMed and Science Direct, and pre-electronic sources such as scientific publications, books,
dissertations, book chapters and journal articles. This study revealed that the bark, fruit, leaf,
seed and stem bark infusion and/or decoction of C. capense are mainly used as
dermatological agents, insecticide and protective charm, and traditional medicines for skin
infections, toothache, cough, fever and stomach problems. Phytochemical compounds
identified from the species include alkaloids, coumarins, fatty acids, limonoids, methyl esters
and terpenoids. Pharmacological research revealed that C. capense extracts and compounds
isolated from the species have antibacterial, antimycobacterial, antifungal, antiprotozoal,
antioxidant, antiproliferative, insecticidal, larvicidal and cytotoxicity activities. Calodendrum
capense should be subjected to detailed phytochemical, pharmacological and toxicological
evaluations aimed at correlating its medicinal uses with its phytochemistry and
pharmacological properties.

Key words: Calodendrum capense, indigenous pharmacopeia, Rutaceae, traditional medicine


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alfred Maroyi. A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). JCR. 2021; 8(1): 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115


Web Style

Alfred Maroyi. A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=63819 [Access: April 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). JCR. 2021; 8(1): 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alfred Maroyi. A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). JCR. (2021), [cited April 17, 2021]; 8(1): 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115



Harvard Style

Alfred Maroyi (2021) A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). JCR, 8 (1), 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115



Turabian Style

Alfred Maroyi. 2021. A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115



Chicago Style

Alfred Maroyi. "A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi. "A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.1 (2021), 1040-1054. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alfred Maroyi (2021) A REVIEW OF ETHNOMEDICINAL USES, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF CALODENDRUM CAPENSE (RUTACEAE). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 1040-1054. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.115