ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi.

Abstract
The study examined the application of Differential Item Functioning (DIF) in detecting gender biased items in Economics multiple choice questions in senior school certificate examination. Causal comparative or Ex-post factor research design was used for the study. The population for the study comprised 2,985 Senior Secondary School Three (SS3) Economics students in Nsukka education zone of Enugu State. Sample size of 339 SS3 Economics students was used for the study. The instrument used for the study was 2018 SSCE 50-item multiple Economics choice questions developed by West African Examination Council (WAEC). Reliability coefficient of 0.87 was obtained using Kudder-Richardson formula. The data collected from the study were analyzed using Logistic Regression procedure. The study revealed that: out of 50 items in 2018 WAEC Economics questions, 14 items which represent 28% of the test items displayed significant gender DIF at the 0.05 level of significance. Among the 14 items that displayed significant gender DIF, only 1 item representing 2% were identified to exhibit significant gender DIF in favour of male students while 13 items representing 26% differentially functioned in favour of female students. Based on the findings of the study, it was recommended among others that DIF analysis should be conducted by test experts and test developers on their test items. This will help to reveal items that exhibit Differential Item Functioning which could be revised or eliminated in order to produce items that are fairness.

Key words: Differential Item Functioning (DIF), Gender, Item Bias, Economics


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Francis Elochukwu Ikeh
Articles by Catherine C Ene
Articles by Blessing Ojobo
Articles by Mercy Ifunanya Ani
Articles by Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu
Articles by Olaniyi Owolawi
Articles by Victoria Olasoji Omosowon
Articles by Basil C Oguguo
Articles by Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu
Articles by Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. JCR. 2021; 8(1): 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59


Web Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=53119 [Access: June 03, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. JCR. 2021; 8(1): 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. JCR. (2021), [cited June 03, 2021]; 8(1): 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59



Harvard Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi (2021) ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. JCR, 8 (1), 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59



Turabian Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. 2021. ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59



Chicago Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. "ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi. "ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.1 (2021), 546-552. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Francis Elochukwu Ikeh, Catherine C Ene, Blessing Ojobo, Mercy Ifunanya Ani, Clementina Ifeoma Metu. Felicia Chinyere Ugwu, Olaniyi Owolawi, Victoria Olasoji Omosowon, Basil C Oguguo, Jude Ifesinachi Ezugwu, Janehilda Oluchi Agugoesi (2021) ASSESSMENT OF DIFFERENTIAL ITEM FUNCTIONING TO DETECT GENDER BIASED ITEMS IN ECONOMICS MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS IN SENIOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 546-552. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.59