ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C..

Abstract
Background: Academic performance of young students is impacted by biological variables such as the chronotypes. However available evidence does not completely prove the correlation between chronotype and the cognitive result of school-aged children. For this correlation is necessary to examine the desynchrony effect of students and their schools timetables. Methods: The Portuguese version of Children’s Chronotype Questionnaire (CCTQ, Couto, Gomes, Azevedo et al., 2013) identified three sleep patterns: sleep duration (1), morningness and eveningness (2), and chronotype (3). Morningness, intermediate and eveningness types, with ages between 7 and 11 yr old, were included in this research trial excluding individuals with sleep disorders. In a second phase of this study, the test of symbols of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III) was administered in morning/afternoon periods during two weeks. Results: No statistical significant differences were observed (Mann-Whitney U test) in the symbols’ test of Wechsler concerning: sleep habits and chronotypes x age, gender and grades. Conclusions: The desynchrony effect did not occur in the symbols decoding subtest contrary to another subtests of Wechsler (coding subtest). In a perspective of psychoeducational intervention, the school schedules should be revised attending different chronotypes that children effectively reveal and considering the (de)synchrony effect for specific evaluation cases in different periods of the day.

Key words: Sleep habits; Academic Performance; Morningness/Eveningness; Desynchrony Effect.


 
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Pubmed Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256


Web Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=40785 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(17): 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256



Harvard Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C. (2020) The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. JCR, 7 (17), 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256



Turabian Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. 2020. The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256



Chicago Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. "The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C.. "The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 2087-2091. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Figueiredo, S., Tomás, C. (2020) The school performance and the impact of daily habits: sleep patterns in young children and their timetables. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 2087-2091. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.256