ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman.

Abstract
Sulfur reduction of crude oil has lately become one of the most important processes in the petroleum industry. Increasingly strict environmental protection regulations forced fuel producers to improve their existing technologies and consider alternative means of removing sulfur compounds from crude oil. This study focuses on the batch adsorption of crude oil using an activated carbon Impregnated with metal oxide as an adsorbent. Activated carbon was successfully synthesized from waste tire material parts, it was cut, clean, dry, subjected to heat using a muffle furnace where temperatures were different at a specific time and activated by acid. then treated with a specified amount of water, ethanol and zinc nitrate hexahydrate for loading different rations of zinc oxide which improved its surface properties that measured via BET analysis which revealed the surface area about (183,3 m2g -1 ) for more efficient adsorptive desulfurization. The effects of (0.5% , 5%, 10%, 20%, and 30%) metal loading percentage, (30C, 40C, 50C, 60C and 70C) adsorption temperature, and (2hours, 2.5hours, 3hours 3.5hours and 4hours) contact time on the desulfurization efficiency of crude oil were studied. The zinc oxide activated carbon Nano composite with an optimum loading ratio (metal oxide / AC) of 10% exhibits a high percentage of sulfur removal. Based on the present experimental work an optimum desulfurization conditions for adsorptive desulfurization using zinc oxide activated carbon Nano composite as an adsorbent was found to be 10% metal loading, 50C adsorption temperature and 2.5hours mixing time which corresponds to a desulfurization efficiency of 83% and a decrease in the sulfur content from 1.600%wt to 0.271%wt.

Key words: Activated carbon; zinc oxide; Adsorption; Desulfurization.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236


Web Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=40287 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. JCR. (2020), [cited May 31, 2021]; 7(17): 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236



Harvard Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman (2020) Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. JCR, 7 (17), 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236



Turabian Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. 2020. Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236



Chicago Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. "Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman. "Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 1884-1890. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr. Tahseen Hameed khlaif, Asaad Salim Bded, Mohammed D. Salman (2020) Sulfur Reduction of Crude Oil Using Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles Loaded Activated Carbon as Adsorbent. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1884-1890. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.236