ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY)

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So.

Abstract
The research objective is to examine the relationship between the cost effectiveness and entrepreneurial process of a membrane-based technology water system to sustainable competitive advantage mediated by green business environment. Major research questions pursued were: What is the influence of entrepreneurial process on the green business environment concept? What is the influence of cost effectiveness of membrane-based technology of the water system on the green business environment concept? What is the influence of entrepreneurial process on the sustainable competitive advantage of a pharmaceutical firm? What is the influence of cost effectiveness of membrane-based technology in a water system on the sustainable competitive advantage in a pharmaceutical firm? What is the influence of a green business environment concept on sustainable competitive advantage for a pharmaceutical firm? The research was conducted from a sample of 206 pharmaceutical member-firms of the Indonesian Pharmaceutical Association (GP FARMASI). The result of this research verified that the entrepreneurial process has a significant positive influence on the green business environment and sustainable competitive advantage. Furthermore, cost effectiveness also has significant positive
influence on green business environment but has no significant influence on sustainable competitive advantage. Therefore, cost effectiveness and the entrepreneurial process membrane-based technology was suggested as an effective strategy to create a green business environment and achieve sustainable competitive advantage in the pharmaceutical industry.

Key words: Entrepreneurial process, cost effectiveness, green business environment, membrane-based technology water system, sustainable competitive advantage, pharmaceutical industry.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219


Web Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=39497 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(17): 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219



Harvard Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So (2020) THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). JCR, 7 (17), 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219



Turabian Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. 2020. THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219



Chicago Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. "THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY)." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So. "THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY)." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 1712-1719. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Rano Kartono, Muhtosim Arief, Mohammad Hamsal, Idris Gautama So (2020) THE INFLUENCE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL PROCESS AND COST EFFECTIVENESS OF MEMBRANE-BASED-TECHNOLOGY IN GREEN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT TOWARD SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE (STUDY IN INDOESIAN PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY). Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1712-1719. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.219