ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR.

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to provide a method for validation of the contained information of documents such as academic certificates, student
cards and other documents available in educational institutions, information about forging and editing the contents of documents and prevent any
abuse. In this method, the content of the document is first encoded inside the personal image (or logo, border images, etc.) and the image containing
the mentioned information will be inserted on the document. To verify the information, the document of the desired image is scanned and the secret
hiding information is extracted, and any difference between the existing content and the extracted content of the image can be detected. The
maintaining of image quality is very important and then, meta-heuristic algorithms have been used for steganography. In this way, common metaheuristic
algorithms such as ant colony optimization, bee algorithm, cuckoo search, genetics, particle swarm optimization, simulated annealing and
firefly were selected and evaluated after applying on images. Among the applied algorithms, the firefly algorithm with the best value of the fitness
function was selected. After steganography with the mentioned algorithms, the average PSNR, an indicator for evaluation of image quality, has
improved by 36.42% compared to the simple LSB method. According to the findings, the used method in this study has reduced the degradation of
image quality and thus increased the transparency of steganography compared to conventional methods and can be used to protect documents and
detect intentional changes in content and prevent any misuse.

Key words: Educational Documents, Image Steganography, Meta-heuristic Algorithms, Firefly Algorithm, Security


 
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Pubmed Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437


Web Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=36463 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(17): 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437



Harvard Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR (2020) PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. JCR, 7 (17), 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437



Turabian Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. 2020. PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437



Chicago Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. "PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR. "PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 3502-3508. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

LADAN RIAZI, KOUROS NEKOUFAR (2020) PRESENTING NEW METHOD TO VALIDATE THE CONTAINED INFORMATION IN EDUCATIONAL CERTIFICATES USING IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON META-HEURISTIC ALGORITHMS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 3502-3508. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.437