ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F..

Abstract
The purpose of this study was to compare the finding of counselling orientation on supervision
outcomes (satisfaction, performance and competency) among trainee counsellors on the previous and current
study. The research design of this study was quantitative in nature, using survey research. The counselling
orientation was measured the theoretical background between trainee counsellors and their supervisor. The
counselling orientation, which measured using Selective Theory Sorter-Revised (STS-R), the satisfaction and
performance were measured by Supervision Outcomes Survey and the competency measured by Counseling
Competencies Scale (CCS). The sample size for previous study was 120 respondents and the current study was
76 trainee counsellors. The respondents were selected using the proportionate stratified random sampling
technique. The test analyses used were one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent samples T-test.
From the result for congruence of counselling orientation was t (74) =0.46; p=0.65 (two-tailed), p>0.05. Thus,
the overall results showed that the counselling orientation had no significant effect to the level of competence of
counselor trainee (p< 0.05), aligned with Conscious Competence Learning Theory and Model of Dynamic
Process for Supervisee Learning, where truly responsive supervision can boost supervisee learning.
Insignificance of factors (frequency and theoretical orientation), with p> 0.05, contradicted with System
Approach in Supervision Model (SAS) due to the difference in environmental context (Nor Mazlina Ghazali,
2015). Future work will be needed in assessing more factors in supervisory process for similar studies to be
carried out. In addition, the location of the study can be varied to carry out the study using a more diverse
population. Moreover, future researchers are encouraged to use a larger number of samples and expanding the subvariables of the dependent variable and mixed method of data collection method by adding qualitative method of
interview for additional information in the study.

Key words: Counselling Orientation; Supervision Outcomes; Satisfaction; Performance; Level of Competence


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30


Web Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=3473 [Access: April 10, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. JCR. (2020), [cited April 10, 2021]; 7(16): 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30



Harvard Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F. (2020) SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. JCR, 7 (16), 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30



Turabian Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. 2020. SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30



Chicago Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. "SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F.. "SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 222-232. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ghazali,N.M, Hii,H.N., Wan Jaafar,W.M, Anuar,A, Aden,E, Yahyah.F. (2020) SIGNIFICANCE OF COUNSELLING ORIENTATION ON SUPERVISION OUTCOMES AMONG TRAINEE COUNSELLORS: COMPARISON BETWEEN PREVIOUS AND CURRENT STUDY IN MALAYSIA. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 222-232. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.30