ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 
JCR. 2014; 1(1): 29-35


BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL.

Abstract
The availability of petroleum sources in the near future is limited, so nowadays search for renewable energy sources are maximized. Biodiesel is one of the most important substituted for this problem. During biodiesel production, excessive glycerol is generated asbyproducts which contains impurities such as methanol, free fatty acid and salt. Thedisposal of glycerol leads to environmental problems. Alternatively glycerol can be utilized to obtain various valuable products viz.1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PDO), ethanol, 2,3-butanediol, dihydroxyacetone, succinic acid, propionic acid and citric acid. Utilization of crude glycerol by means of chemical synthesis requires expensive catalysts like Ir, Cr, Ag etc. Comparatively biological method for utilizing crude glycerol is best to avoid environmental problems. Bioconversion of glycerol is carried out at 30- 400
C temperature and atmospheric pressure pressure which gives different products. Different microorganisms viz. Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Enterobacter aerogen, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Clostridium butaricum and Clostridium pasterium are reported to grow on glycerol to produce valuable chemicals. In this review article, bioconversion of glycerol to speciality chemicals such as ethanol, 1,3-PDO, 1,2-PDO, 2,3-butanediol, dihydroxyacetone, succinic acid, propionic acid and citric acid etc. Are discussed.

Key words: Bioconversion, Glycerol, Biodiesel, Microorganisms, 1,3-propanediol.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by MANDAR KARVE
Articles by JAY J. PATEL
Articles by NIRMAL K. PATEL
on Google
on Google Scholar

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. JCR. 2014; 1(1): 29-35.


Web Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=302644808 [Access: May 31, 2021].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. JCR. 2014; 1(1): 29-35.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. JCR. (2014), [cited May 31, 2021]; 1(1): 29-35.



Harvard Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL (2014) BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. JCR, 1 (1), 29-35.



Turabian Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. 2014. BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. Journal of Critical Reviews, 1 (1), 29-35.



Chicago Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. "BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL." Journal of Critical Reviews 1 (2014), 29-35.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL. "BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL." Journal of Critical Reviews 1.1 (2014), 29-35. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

MANDAR KARVE, JAY J. PATEL, NIRMAL K. PATEL (2014) BIOCONVERSION OF GLYCEROL. Journal of Critical Reviews, 1 (1), 29-35.