ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi.

Abstract
Nowadays, some people have doubts about the ability of washing machine and laundry machine
to remove impurities (najis) because the use of these machines has never been discussed by fuqaha in the past.
Therefore, this study aims to identify the existence of impurities after washing according to the method of
purification of Syafie'sMazhab. Three samples which consist of blood, urine and baby stool were used on the
clothes. All samples were tested using two methods - the Kestle-Meyer Test (KM-Test) and Forensic DNA
Profile Analysis at the Penang State Department of Chemistry Forensic Lab. The results of the KM-Test test on
blood samples have shown negative results. While urine samples and baby stools cannot be detected directly. In
addition, the DNA profile analysis also showed similar results that before washing, the presence of najis in blood
control samples was detected only at 44.80 ng / μl (sample A) and 65. 00 ng / μl (sample B) and after washing,
the effect on samples A and B in the laundry wash were only 1.78 ng / μl and 3.28 ng / μl. While in the washing
machine, there were only 3.28 ng / l in sample A and 1.11 ng / l in sample B. Furthermore, this study
concluded that washing machine and laundry machine successfully removes the impurities from clothing.

Key words: taharah, impurities, clothing, water and washing


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147


Web Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=26245 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(17): 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147



Harvard Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi (2020) DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. JCR, 7 (17), 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147



Turabian Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. 2020. DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147



Chicago Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. "DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi. "DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 1161-1171. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

MohdHapizMahaiyadin, RoshaimizamSuhaimi, Ainorkhilah Mahmood, Nor Fariza Ismail, HisyamMohdRadzi (2020) DETECTION OF REMOVAL OF IMPURITIES BASED ON FORENSIC DNA PROFILE ANALYSIS METHOD: A LEGAL ANALYSIS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1161-1171. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.147