ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi.

Abstract
This article is about conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership. The
researcher conducted a qualitative approach in order to conceptualize and develop Islamic spiritual leadership
scale. In-depth interview was conducted which consists of a Mufti, a well-known motivational expert, an
established entrepreneur, a University Professor, a former state religious leader and an Islamic political leader who
are well-verse in Islamic spirituality and leadership in order to get expert opinion. The conceptualization definition
of Islamic spiritual leadership consists of six components which are “Allah s.w.t”, “Caliph”, “Practice and
knowledge”, “Both world and hereafter”, “Al-Quran and Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad s.a.w” and “Spiritual
strength”. The development of Islamic spiritual leadership scale consists of five dimensions, which are Islamic
Knowledge, Patience, Shura (Meeting), Empowerment and Trustworthy. Islamic spiritual leadership is important
for leaders to improve their leadership performance and leadership effectiveness in an organization in the more
holistic way. Islamic spiritual leadership will bring a comprehensive and universal Islamic teaching that is
well-balanced in its quest to meet the global challenge and need thus contribute to the sustainable of leadership.

Key words: conceptualization, ISL


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Azri Usman
Articles by Nomahaza Mahadi
Articles by Farzana Quoquab
Articles by Mohd Hafiz Fauzi
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134


Web Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=26149 [Access: June 01, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. JCR. (2020), [cited June 01, 2021]; 7(17): 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134



Harvard Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi (2020) Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. JCR, 7 (17), 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134



Turabian Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. 2020. Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134



Chicago Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. "Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi. "Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 1068-1079. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Azri Usman, Nomahaza Mahadi, Farzana Quoquab, Mohd Hafiz Fauzi (2020) Conceptualization and scale development of Islamic spiritual leadership (ISL) concept. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 1068-1079. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.134