ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK

Dr.N.Venkatesan.

Abstract
Long queues outside supermarkets, common citizens becomes foragers and take custody of grocery shops, empty shelves in vegetable outlets, essential supplies markets operate in exhausted mode, restaurant, sports and recreation centers engaging in farming activities, have become very common news during the last few months. These bizarre events are the results of ongoing COVID -19 pandemic, declared by WHO on 11th March, 2020 which originally started in Wuhan, China during December, 2019. The purpose of study is to focus on present situation of COVID – 19 and the feasibility of reaching the farm produce directly to home, post COVID-19 crisis in India. Strong personal precautionary measures were implemented across the globe to reduce this outbreak: using face-masks, self hygiene and self-quarantine practices; and various other environmental measures and community measures were enforced by the government authorities throughout the universe. Several instance such as shortage in supply of essential goods, panic buying, logistic operations disruption, and increased usage of personal hygiene equipment witnessed due to corona virus epidemic. There are almost 10,074,567 cases globally out of which 3, 09,713 active cases were from India as we write this paper. This pandemic brought in many restrictions on social and economic activities which have a negative impact on consumer spending and supply chain across the globe. Hence, impact of COVID – 19 will be significant in encouraging farmers exploring their own ways to deliver their produce directly to customers

Key words: Corona virus, Pandemic, Epidemic, Outbreak, COVID – 19, Farm, Farmer, direct to home, E-commerce, capital market, electronic trading.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Dr.N.Venkatesan
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. la Grange P, Foster PA, Pretorius LK. Application of the Doppler ultrasound bloodflow detector in supraclavicular brachial plexus block. Br J Anaesth 1978;50(9):965-67. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. Abramowitz HB, Cohen C. Use of Doppler for difficult axillary block. Anesthesiology 1981;55(5):603. [DOI via Crossref]   
3. Kestembaum AD, Steuer M, Marano M. Doppler-guided axillary block in a burn patient. Anesthesiology 1990;73(3):586-7. [DOI via Crossref]   
4. Vaghadia H, Jenkins LC. Use of a Doppler ultrasound stethoscope for intercostal nerve block. Can J Anaesth 1988;35(1):86-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Kirvela O, Svedström E, Lundbom N. Ultrasonic guidance of lumbar sympathetic and celiac plexus block: a new technique. Reg Anesth 1992;17(1):43-6. [Pubmed]   
6. Güzeldemir ME, Ãœstünöz B. Ultrasonographic guidance in placing a catheter for continuous axillary brachial plexus block. Anesth Analg 1995;81(4):882-3. [Pubmed]   
7. Daneli G, Fanelli A, Ghisi D, Moschini E, Rossi M, Ortu A, et al. Ultrasound vs nerve stimulation multiple injection technique for posterior popliteal sciatic nerve block. Anesthesia 2009;64(6):638-42. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
8. Perlas A, Brull R, Chan VW, McCartney CJ, Nuica A, Abbas S. Ultrasound guidance improves the success of sciatic nerve block at the popliteal fossa. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2008;33(3):259-65. [Pubmed]   
9. Gray AT. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia: current state of the art. Anesthesiology 2006;104(2):368-373. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Marhofer P, Chan VW. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia: current concepts and future trends. Anesth Analg 2007;104(5):1265-9. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
11. Marhofer P, Frickey N. Ultrasonographic guidance in pediatric regional anesthesia. Part 1: theoretical background. Paediatr Anaesth 2006;16(10):1008-18. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
12. Roberts S. Ultrasonographic guidance in pediatric regional anesthesia. Part 2: techniques. Paediatr Anaesth 2006;16(11):1112-24. [Pubmed]   
13. Jan van Geffen G, Tielens L, Gielen M. Ultrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block in a child with femur fibula ulna syndrome. Paediatr Anaesth 2006;16(3):330-2. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Winnie AP. Interscalene brachial plexus block. Anesth Analg 1970;49(3):455-66. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
15. Bromage PR. A comparison of the hydrochloride and carbon dioxide salts of lidocaine and prilocaine in epidural analgesia. Acta Anesthesiol Scand Suppl.1965;16:55-69. [DOI via Crossref]   
16. Dworkin RH, Turk DC, Farrar JT, Haythornthwaite JA, Jensen MP, Katz NP, et al. Core outcome measures for chronic pain clinical trials: IMMPACT recommendations. Pain 2005;113(1-2):9-19. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. Davis JJ, Swenson JD, Greis PE, Burks RT, Tashjian RZ. Interscalene block for postoperative analgesia using only ultrasound guidance: the outcome in 200 patients. J Clin Anesth 2009;21(4):272-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
18. Martinoli C, Bianchi S, Santacroce E, Pugliese F, Graif M, Derchi LE. Brachial plexus sonography: a technique for assessing the root level. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2002;179(3):699-702. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
19. Perlas A, Chan VW, Simons M. Brachial plexus examination and localization using ultrasound and electrical stimulation: a vounteer study. Anesthesiology 2005;99(2):429-35. [DOI via Crossref]   
20. Chan VW. Applying ultrasound imaging to interscalene brachial plexus block. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2003;28(4):340-3. [Pubmed]   
21. Royse CE, Sha S, Soeding PF, Royse AG. Anatomical study of the brachial plexus using surface ultrasound. Anaesth Intensive Care 2006;34(2):203-10. [Pubmed]   
22. Riazi S, Carmichael N, Awad I, Holtby RM, McCartney CJ. Effect of local anaesthetic volume (20 vs 5ml) on the efficacy and respiratory consequences of uktrasound-guided interscalene brachial plexus block. Br J Anaesth 2008;101(4):549-56. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
23. Brull R, McCartney CJ, Chan VW, El-Beheiry H. Neurological complications after regional anesthesia: contemporary estimates of risk. Anesth Analg 2007;104(4):965-74. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24. Barrington MJ, Watts SA, Gledhill SR, Thomas RD, Said SA, Snyder GL, et al. Preliminary results of the Australasian Regional Anaesthesia Collaboration: a prospective audit of more than 7000 peripheral nerve and plexus blocks for neurologic and other complications. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2009;34(6):534-41. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
25. Orebaugh SL, Williams BA, Vallejo M, Kentor ML. Adverse outcomes associated with stimulator-based peripheral nerve blocks with versus without ultrasound visualization. Reg Anesth Pain Med 2009;34(3):251-5. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
26. Urmey WF, Gloeggler PJ. Pulmonary function changes during interscalene brachial plexus block: effects of decreasing local anesthetic injection volume. Reg Anesth 1993;18(4):244-9. [Pubmed]   
27. Bigeleisen PE. Anatomical variations of the phrenic nerve and its clinical implication for supraclavicular block. Br J Anaesth 2003;91(6):916-7. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
28. Plit ML, Chhajed PN, Macdonald P, Cole IE, Harrison GA. Bilateral vocal cord palsy following interscalene brachial plexus nerve block. Anaesth Intensive Care 2002;30(4):499-501. [Pubmed]   
29. Hoþten T, Gürkan Y, Solak M, Toker K. A case of Horner’s syndrome following lateral sagittal infraclavikular blok. Agri 2008;20(4):45-8.

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543


Web Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=25465 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(10): 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543



Harvard Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan (2020) RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. JCR, 7 (10), 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543



Turabian Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. 2020. RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543



Chicago Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. "RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan. "RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.10 (2020), 6268-6277. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr.N.Venkatesan (2020) RESTRUCTURING THE CUSTOMARY AGRICULTURAL POLICIES IN INDIA TO COPE UP THE COVID-19 OUTBREAK. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 6268-6277. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.543