ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET

Chang Seek Lee.

Abstract
This study aimed to determine the moderating effect of growth mindset on the mediating effect of mindfulness in the link between gratitude and happiness of high school students in Korea. Data were analyzed using SPSS PC+ Win. Ver. 25.0 and SPSS PROCESS macro Ver. 3.4. The statistical techniques that were applied were frequency analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis and a moderated mediation effect analysis. First, as a result of correlation analysis, happiness was significantly positively correlated with gratitude, growth mindset and mindfulness, and the correlation between happiness and gratitude showed the highest coefficient. Second, mindfulness played a mediating role in the link between gratitude and happiness. Third, the growth mindset moderated the relationship between gratitude and mindfulness. Fourth, as a result of the moderated mediation effect analysis, the growth mindset moderated the mediating effect of mindfulness in the link between gratitude and happiness. Based on these findings, this study discussed methods for improving the happiness of high school students through the gratitude, growth mindset and mindfulness.

Key words: Gratitude, Mindfulness, Growth mindset, Happiness, High school student


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103


Web Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=21169 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR. 2020; 7(19): 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Chang Seek Lee. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(19): 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103



Harvard Style

Chang Seek Lee (2020) THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. JCR, 7 (19), 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103



Turabian Style

Chang Seek Lee. 2020. THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103



Chicago Style

Chang Seek Lee. "THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Chang Seek Lee. "THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.19 (2020), 9953-9962. Print. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Chang Seek Lee (2020) THE EFFECT OF GRATITUDE AND MINDFULNESS ON THE HAPPINESS OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS: THE MODERATED MEDIATION MODEL OF GROWTH MINDSET. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (19), 9953-9962. doi: 10.31838/jcr.07.19.1103