ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo''

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum.

Abstract
Language is composed of string of words. These endless words should be composed in a syntactic and
semantic way. The speaker or writer can expand or reduce the sentences. Expansion can be achieved by two
processes which are subordination and coordination. Reduction is a grammatical principle that is used to
abbreviate the sentence to avoid redundancy in a text. There are two processes of reduction that are pro-form
substitution and ellipsis. The paper focuses on substitution as a cohesive device. It tries to investigate pro-forms
of substitution and the writer's purpose in using these substitutions. It aims at showing the use of substitution as
a cohesive device in Edward Albee's on act play ''The Zoo'' . The writer frequently uses nominal substitution as
well as clausal one. He makes use of both nominal and clausal substitution to avoid repetition that might cause
redundancy. Among the widely used nominal substitutions is 'one'. The other nominal substitutions like 'many' ,
'more', 'each, etc, are also employed by Albee but not as much as 'one'. Clausal substitution is also employed
successfully by the writer to avoid redundancy. The frequent clausal substitution used in this one act play is ''do''.
. It is noted that forms of substitution do not have any effect on the grammatical or semantic ground of the text.
Substitution is employed successfully as a cohesive device in this one act play. The writer was so smart in using
this cohesive technique.

Key words: ''The Zoo'', act play, cohesive technique


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . JCR. 2020; 7(17): 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91


Web Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=20405 [Access: August 18, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . JCR. 2020; 7(17): 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . JCR. (2020), [cited August 18, 2021]; 7(17): 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91



Harvard Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum (2020) Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . JCR, 7 (17), 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91



Turabian Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. 2020. Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91



Chicago Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. "Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum. "Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 685-690. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Manahil Salman Owaid, Raghda Naeem Khudair, Masar Husam Kadhum (2020) Substitution as a Cohesive Device in Edward Albee's One Act Play ''The Zoo'' . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 685-690. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.91