ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman.

Abstract
The role of universities and research centers in private sector development has been widely documented
of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. However, universitiesí contribution to private sector development and innovation
in renewable industry has not been previously researched. We use case study analysis to explore the knowledge
exchange mechanisms between university and industry in fostering innovation in the private sector development
in general, in different locales. We believe that universities and research centers play a key role in both academic
development and economic growth, and we hypothesize that the way in which these goals are achieved depends
on the specifics of the sector, the local economy, and the larger institutional environment. In this research both
primary and secondary data have been used; data have been collected by analyzing of literature from journals and
research papers, as well as an exploratory research; questioners have been chosen in order to obtain relevant and
quantitative data from primary sources. In this respect the data collection process is done by Erbil Chamber of
commerce and Industry in collaboration with the Department of Studies and Research, Kurdistan Federation of
Chambers of Commerce & Industry (K-FCCI) in Erbil. In this respect, questionnaire have been prepared and
distributed between 250 business in Erbil. The research findings confirmed that these objectives (diagnosis of
obstacles by analytical and scientific studies, access to practical recommendations for treatment, ability to follow
up and analyze developments in the open market, and ability to communicate with internationally relevant
research centers) significantly contribute to private sector development and improving human skills that make
them ready for the competitive market in both local and international levels. This research will contribute to the
universities and research centers, both in Iraq and worldwide, in understanding how approaches for necessary to
sustain a long-term relationship with the private sector developments.

Key words: Private sector, development obstacles, universities and research centers


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88


Web Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=20390 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. JCR. (2020), [cited May 31, 2021]; 7(17): 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88



Harvard Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman (2020) The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. JCR, 7 (17), 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88



Turabian Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. 2020. The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88



Chicago Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. "The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman. "The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 651-661. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Zanear Jabbar Rashid Ssali, Shirzad Mohammed Mahdi Rafia Sourchi, Bestoon Othman (2020) The role of universities and research centers in private sector developments of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 651-661. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.88