ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna.

Abstract
In this article the process, technology, methodology of preparing primary school students for social
relations based on the development of critical thinking are described. The perspectives of researchers from near
and foreign countries on the development of critical thinking and studentsĺ critical thinking have been studied
and analyzed. The authors give developing critical thinking of elementary class pupils and interactive methods,
which give effective results on preparing them to social relationships and possibilities of using interactive
methods. The research methodology is one of the most important parts of the research, it is the general map of
the research being conducted, the research path and the mapping lines leading to the location (result). A
technology that develops critical thinking in primary school students and prepares them for social relationships
has been developed and experimented with, and its results have been presented.

Key words: Critical thinking, Social relationship, elementary class pupil, education process, interactive methods, Problem situation.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna
Articles by Akramova Surayyo Renatovna
on Google
on Google Scholar


REFERENCES
1. Wisplinghoff H, Bischoff T, Tallent SM, Seifert H, Wenzel RP, Edmond MB. Nosocomial bloodstream infections in US hospitals. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2004; 39 (3): 309-317. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
2. T├╝nger A, ├ťnal S, Dokuzo├░uz B. Metisiline diren├žli Staphylococcus aureus'a ba├░l├Ż hastane infeksiyonlar├Żn├Żn epidemiyolojisi ve kontrol├╝. In: Ulusoy S, Usluer G, ├ťnal S (eds). ├ľnemli ve sorunlu gram pozitif bakteri infeksiyonlar├Ż. Ankara: Bilimsel T├Żp Yay├Żnevi, 2004: 9-71.
3. Styers D, Sheehan DJ, Hogan P, Sahm DF. Laboratory-based surveillance of current antimicrobial patterns and trends among Staphylococcus aureus: 2005 Status in the United States. Ann. Clin. Microbiol. Antimicrob. 2006; 5 (1): 2. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
4. Salto├░lu N, ├Łncecik ├×, Yaman A, Ta├żova Y, D├╝ndar H. ├çukurova ├ťniversitesi T├Żp Fak├╝ltesi YB├ť'lerinden farkl├Ż y├Żllarda belirlenen hastane enfeksiyon tipleri ve izole edilen mikroorganizmalarda antimikrobiyallere duyarl├Żl├Ż├░├Żn kar├ż├Żla├żt├Żr├Żlmas├Ż. XI. KL├ŁM├ŁK Kongresi, KL├ŁM├ŁK Dergisi 2003; 16: 327.
5. ├çetin ├çB, Turgut H, Kaleli I, Yal├ž├Żn AN, Orhan N. Pamukkale ├ťniversitesi T├Żp Fak├╝ltesi Hastanesi yo├░un bak├Żm ├╝nitesinde nozokomiyal enfeksiyonlar. Hastane Enfeksiyonlar├Ż Dergisi 2002; 6: 98-101.
6. Aslan H, G├╝rdo├░an K. Yo├░un bak├Żm ├╝nitelerinde g├Âzlenen hastane enfeksiyonlar├Ż. Hastane Enfeksiyonlar├Ż Dergisi 1999; 3: 165-169.
7. Yosunkaya A, Tuncer S, Reisli R, Uzun S, ├ľke├żli S. Reanimasyon ├╝nitemizde 1990-2002 y├Żllar├Ż aras├Żnda g├Âzlenen hastane enfeksiyonlar├Ż. Hastane Enfeksiyonlar├Ż Dergisi 2002; 6: 92-97.
8. K├Żl├Ż├ž S, Be├żirbellio├░lu B, K├Żl├Ż├ž A, Pahsa A. Bir e├░itim hastanesinde 2003-2004 y├Żllar├Ż aras├Żnda saptanan metisiline diren├žli Staphylococcus aureus enfeksiyonlar├Ż. Gulhane Med J 2005; 47: 195-198.
9. C. Horan TC, Andrus M, Dudeck MA. CDC/NHSN surveillance definition of health careÔÇôassociated infection and criteria for specific types of infections in the acute care setting. Am J Infect Control 2008;36:309-332. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
10. Bilgehan H. Gram Olumlu Koklar. In: Klinik Mikrobiyoloji, ├ľzel Bakteriyoloji ve Bakteri Enfeksiyonlar├Ż. 10uncu Bask├Ż. ├Łzmir: Bar├Ż├ż Yay├Żnlar├Ż Fak├╝lteler Kitabevi, 2000: 239-268.
11. Arda M. Temel Mikrobiyoloji Ders Notlar├Ż, Mikrobiyoloji Kul├╝b├╝. Arama Siteleri Linkleri 2006: http://www.mikrobiyoloji.org/docgoster.asp?dosya=110013100 [05.06.2008].
12. Wayne PA. Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)/National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) 2006. Performance standards for antimicrobial susceptibility testing. NCCLS document, sixteenth informational supplement: M100-S16.
13. Wayne, PA. National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS) 2003. Performance standards for antimicrobial disk susceptibility tests, 8th ed. Approved Standard: M2-A8.
14. Drinka P, Faulks JT, Gauerke C, Goodman B. A comparison of previous antibiotic therapy following isolation of MRSA versus MSSA in nursing home residents. J. Am. Med. Dir. Assoc. 2002; 3 (6): 356-359. [DOI via Crossref]   
15. Nadesalingam K, Conway SP, Denton M. Risk factors for acquisition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) by patients with cystic fibrosis. J. Cyst. Fibros. 2005; 4 (1): 49-52. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Borg MA, Kraker M, Scicluna E, at all. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in invasive isolates from southern and eastern Mediterranean countries. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy 2007; 60: 1310-1315. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
17. ├çelik ├Ł, ├Łnci N, Denk A, Sevim E, Ya├żar D, Ya├żar MA. Prevalance of hospital acquired infection in anesthesiology intensive care unit. F├Żrat T├Żp Dergisi 2005; 10 (3): 132-135.
18. Nerjaku V, K├Żl├Ż├ž A, K├╝├ž├╝kkaraaslan A, Baysallar M, Do├░anc├Ż L. Bir askeri hastanenin yo├░un bak├Żm ├╝nitelerindeki hastane enfeksiyonlar├Żn├Żn de├░erlendirilmesi. Gulhane Med J 2004; 46 (4): 305-310.
19. ├ľztoprak N, ├çevik MA, Ak├Żnc├Ż E, at all. Risk factors for ICU-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections. Am. J. Infect. Control. 2006; 34 (1): 1-5. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
20. Sadoyama G, Gontijo Filho PP. Risk factors for methicillin resistant and sensitive Staphylococcus aureus infection in a Brazilian University Hospital. Braz. J. Infect. Dis. 2000; 4 (3): 135-143. [Pubmed]   
21. Hershow RC., Khayr WF, Smith NL. A comparison of clinical virulence of nosocomially acquired methicillin-resistant and methicillin-sensitive Staphylococcus aureus infections in a university hospital. Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 1992; 13 (10): 587-593. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
22. Libert M, Elkholti M, Massaut J, Karmali R, Mascart G, Cherifi S. Risk factors for meticillin resistance and outcomes of Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection in a Belgian university hospital. Journal of Hospital Infection 2008; 68: 17-24. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
23. Haessler S, Mackenzie T, Kirkland KB. Long-term outcomes following infection with meticillin-resistant or meticillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus. Journal of Hospital Infection 2008; 69: 39-45. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
24. Wang FD, Chen YY, Chen TL, Liu CY. Risk factors and mortality in patients with nosocomial Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia. Taipei, Taiwan, Am. J. Infect. Control. 2008; 36: 118-122. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
25. Lesens O, Hansmann Y, Brannigan E, at all. Healthcare-associated Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia and the risk for methicillin resistance: Is the centers for disease control and prevention definition for community-acquired bacteremia still appropriate? Infect. Control. Hosp. Epidemiol. 2005; 26 (2): 204-209. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
26. Salgado CD, Farr BM, Calfee DP. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus: A meta-analysis of prevalence and risk factors. Clin. Infect. Dis. 2003; 36 (2): 131-139. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
27. Pittet D, Hugonnet S, Harbarth S, at all. Effectiveness of a hospital-wide programme to improve compliance with hand hygiene, infection control programme. Lancet 2000; 356 (9238): 1307-1312. [DOI via Crossref]   
28. Huang SS, Rifas-Shiman SL, Warren DK, at all. Centers for disease control and prevention epicenters program. Improving methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus surveillance and reporting in intensive care units. J. Infect. Dis. 2006; 195 (3): 330-338. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
29. Vriens MR, Fluit AC, Troelstra A, Verhoef J, Vander Werken C. Is methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus more contagious than methicillin-susceptible S. aureus in a surgical intensive care unit? Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2002; 23 (9): 491-494. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
30. Eveillard M, Lancien E, De Lassence A, at all. Impact of the reinforcement of a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus control programme: A 3-year evaluation by several indicators in a French university hospital. Eur. J. Epidemiol. 2006; 21 (7): 551-558. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
31. Meyer E, Schwab F, Gastmeier P, at all. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in German intensive care units during 2000-2003: Data from Project SARI (Surveillance of Antimicrobial Use and Antimicrobial Resistance in Intensive Care Units). Infect. Control Hosp. Epidemiol. 2006; 27: 146-154. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
32. Pan A, Catenazzi P, Ferrari L, at all. Evaluation of the efficacy of a program to control nosocomial spread of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Infez. Med. 2001; 9 (3): 163-169. [Pubmed]   
33. K├Âck R, Becker K, Cookson B et all. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA): Burden of disease and control challenges in Europe, Euro Surveill 2010;15(41):19688. [Pubmed]   
34. Sancak B. MRSA Diren├ž Mekanizmalar├Ż: D├╝nyada ve T├╝rkiye'de Epidemiyolojisi. ANK EM Derg 2012; 26 (Ek 2): 38-47

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61


Web Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=20061 [Access: August 18, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. JCR. (2020), [cited August 18, 2021]; 7(17): 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61



Harvard Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna (2020) DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. JCR, 7 (17), 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61



Turabian Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. 2020. DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61



Chicago Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. "DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna. "DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 438-448. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Akramova Gulbahor Renatovna, Akramova Surayyo Renatovna (2020) DEVELOPING CRITICAL THINKING ON ELEMENTARY CLASS PUPILS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTOR FOR PREPARING SOCIAL RELATIONSHIP. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 438-448. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.61