ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik.

Abstract
Ethnicity is a complex phenomenon. It is a highly controversial, disputable and problematic term that does not have any fixed meaning and is used as a less emotive term for a race. Ethnicity is a social construct like race, but the main difference is that race refers to phenotypical differences,whereas ethnicity refers to cultural differences. Ethnicity helps an individual to identify with a larger group, and one’s ethnicity may identify an individual.Variouswriters like Max Weber, Michael Brown, WsevolodIsajiw, etc. have discussed many features to define and discuss the term 'ethnicity.'To explain and outline anapparent meaning for ethnicity, authors like Fredrik Barth, Abner Cohen, Michael Hechter, etc. have postulated different approaches such as primordialism, instrumentalism, materialism and constructivism. Robert E. Park has contributed to the theory of ethnicity by focusing on assimilation theory. Authors like Omi and Vinant have openly opposed this theory and considered the immigrant as the basis of ethnicity. The basic objective of this paper is to discuss the shifting meanings of ethnicity and to depict the purpose behind the divisions based on ethnicity.

Key words: Race, Ethnicity, Classification,Primordialism, Instrumentalism.


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Sanjay Kumar
Articles by Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414


Web Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=19871 [Access: April 10, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. JCR. 2020; 7(17): 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. JCR. (2020), [cited April 10, 2021]; 7(17): 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414



Harvard Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik (2020) ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. JCR, 7 (17), 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414



Turabian Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. 2020. ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414



Chicago Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. "ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik. "ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.17 (2020), 3384-3387. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Sanjay Kumar, Dr. Gowher Ahmad Naik (2020) ETHNICITY, ITS ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES: A CRITICAL STUDY. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (17), 3384-3387. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.17.414