ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy..

Abstract
Vehicular Ad hoc Network (VANET) is a challenging network environment pursuing ubiquitous computing for the future. To evolve an efficient routing protocol based on distance, for adoptionin VANETs to maximize packet delivery to the destination devoid of any packet loss during thephases of failures of link across the mobile vehicles in VANETs.Thus, the VANET's network performance and reliability rely on selecting the next hop forwarder (NHF) node in the request zone's forward region (FR).This paper proposes a hybrid routing protocol called Directional Location Aided Routing using Cat swarm Optimization (D-LARCSO) protocol that finds the best next hop forwarder node in forward region and thus reduces unnecessary transmissions. D-LARCSO is a fusion of Cat swarm optimization scheme along with position-based routing. A mathematical representation for D-LARCSO protocol is scheduled to analyze performance. Simulation has been done using NS-3.29 and Sumo 1.21. From the simulated outcome, D-LARCSO routing protocol seems to have outperformed D-LAR, DD-LAR and ID-LAR in terms of Packet Delivery Ratio, End to End Delay and Packet lost ratio.

Key words: Location Aided Routing, Cat Swarm Optimization, Position Based Routing and Vehicular ad-hoc networks.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457


Web Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=14736 [Access: May 31, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. JCR. 2020; 7(16): 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. JCR. (2020), [cited May 31, 2021]; 7(16): 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457



Harvard Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy. (2020) ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. JCR, 7 (16), 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457



Turabian Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. 2020. ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457



Chicago Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. "ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy.. "ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 3585-3594. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Dr. A. Ramalingam, E. Gurumoorthi, Dr.A. Ayyasamy, K. Vivekanandan, and V.S.K. Venkatachalapathy. (2020) ENHANCED LOCATION AIDED ROUTING IN VEHICULAR AH HOC NETWORKS USING CAT SWARM OPTIMIZATION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 3585-3594. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.457