ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA

A. Gautam, A. Gour.

Abstract
Expeditious urbanization and industrialization have prompted the inflated disposal of heavy metals into the nature. Heavy
metal contamination issue has raised quickly because of the expansion of the industrialization throughout the years. The
principal key property of heavy metals is the non-biodegradability of the heavy metal particles. As metal particles are
diligent in nature, they will stay in the earth’s environment and have ecological dumping issues. Among the
contamination of water sources, the sullying of heavy metal particles in water is an issue that is driving towards
hazardous levels. The fundamental sources of heavy metal particles are the mist concentrates from industries, excretes
from creatures, mining processes, mechanical activities and rural exercises.
The stream Hindon is one of the significant waterways in the western Uttar Pradesh having a basin region of around 7000
km2. The stream starts from upper Siwalik (lower Himalayas) and courses through five regions viz., Saharanpur,
Muzaffarnagar, Meerut, Ghaziabad and Greater Noida, covering a span of around 400 km before joining the Yamuna
downstream of Delhi. It is a key source of water to the profoundly populated region of western Uttar Pradesh. The
ingress of contaminants into the earth because of anthropogenic activities is one of the most significant issues faced by
the present population. These contaminants (heavy metals) can end up being unsafe for people as well as to farming and
agricultural activities. Heavy metals are essentially characterized as metals that have generally high densities, i.e. in
excess of 5 g/cm3 and is by and large cited as an ordinary standard for a heavy metal.
River water is the reliable source of freshwater, which forms the basis of life for a variety of creatures. Hindon river is an
important river catering the demand of highly populated rural and industrial cluster of western Uttar Pradesh and the
most basic use of this water is for agricultural purposes. The population residing by the river is highly dependent on the
river for their irrigation water needs as the belt predominantly consists of farmers. The water quality of Hindon and its
surrounding soil is deteriorating at an alarming rate due to various industrial and municipal activities. Accumulation of
heavy metals in the environment results primarily from human activities. The main aim of this study is to estimate the
level of heavy metals i.e., Lead, Cadmium, Nickel, Cobalt, Copper, Zinc in the soil surrounding the Hindon river. A total
of 6 samples were collected over two different timeframes i.e September 2019 and May 2020 covering the various areas
which are situated alongside the river. Out of these six samples, two samples were taken from the soil near the bank of
the river, two 3 kms away from the river bank and the last samples were taken from the soil 5 kilometers away from the
river bank. By this, the measure of quantity of heavy metals in soil and their effects in agriculture and irrigation can be
found which can help in the further studies.

Key words: Heavy Metals, Hindon River, Soil Pollution


 
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Pubmed Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . JCR. 2020; 7(5): 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386


Web Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=132689 [Access: August 25, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . JCR. 2020; 7(5): 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . JCR. (2020), [cited August 25, 2021]; 7(5): 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386



Harvard Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour (2020) AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . JCR, 7 (5), 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386



Turabian Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. 2020. AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386



Chicago Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. "AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour. "AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.5 (2020), 2260-2268. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

A. Gautam, A. Gour (2020) AN ASSESSMENT OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN HINDON RIVER SEDIMENTS, UP, INDIA . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 2260-2268. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.386