ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork.

Abstract
Background: Obesity is a worldwide problem and it poses a double burden of disease in
developing countries including Saudi Arabia. The overweight and obesity among children in Saudi Arabia
should be considered a serious public health problem. The prevalence is on the rise, and the need for
interventions is becoming urgent.
Aim: To assess the prevalence and the predisposing factors of obesity among preschool children at
Buraidah region.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 142 preschool children and their mothers at 5
preparatory schools at Buraidah region. The nursery schools were as (Kgar 19, Athal Al Qassim, Anwar
Almaalem, Excellent International School, and Rassial Alhoda). Data collection tool used in this study
were Assessment sheet for the child consists of two parts: Child characteristic and BMI percentiles charts
for children; socio-demographic data of parents, medical history of mother during pregnancy, Mother's
knowledge regarding child's obesity and mother's nutritional habits.
Results: The results showed that (63.4%) of preschool children had normal BMI, (9.9%) of them were
overweight while (26.8%) were obese . contributing factors related to overweight or obesity, those factors
were found to be significant predictors of obesity or overweight; increase numbers of meals increase risk of
obesity (p<0.001), eating during watching TV increase risk of obesity (p<0.001) and child hobbies
whereas playing football decrease risk of obesity ((p<0.05).
Conclusion: The study revealed that there were highly statistically significant relations between the studied
children's feeding habits, feeding type, number of meals/day, favorite's activities, eating during watching
TV and occurrence of obesity and overweight. About quarter of obese and overweight of studied children
had a family history of obesity.

Key words: Obesity, Body mass Index, predisposing factors, Preschool, Buraidah region


 
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Pubmed Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506


Web Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=129174 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(10): 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506



Harvard Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork (2020) PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. JCR, 7 (10), 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506



Turabian Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. 2020. PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506



Chicago Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. "PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork. "PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.10 (2020), 3113-3125. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Samah El-Awady Bassam and Hanan Mohamed Tork (2020) PROBLEM OF OBESITY AND THE PREDISPOSING FACTORS AMONG PRESCHOOL CHILDREN AT BURAIDAH REGION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 3113-3125. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.506