ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu.

Abstract
This paper is a critical investigation of the established democratic institutions among the Igbo community before the
British colonization., Igbo are cultured ethnic group or community found in the southeastern Nigeria, who have been
well noted for their republican nature and preference for quasi-democratic approaches of leadership. Prior to the
coming of the colonial masters‟ historical antecedents‟ shows that democracy formed the basis of human relations
from the household level down to the larger societies among the Igbo people of pre-colonial Nigeria. The precolonial
Igbo political system was built on democracy, and advocates for equality before the law. The Igbo also
operate decentralized leadership system where the power of decision making is not from a particular person or group
of persons not minding the position of such persons, group or institution in the leadership structure, but is based on a
consensus agreement. Powers are separated among the various democratic institutions, which include; Village
assembly, Ozotitled holders,Umunnas, household heads, age grades, cults and umuadas. Any decision to be taking
has to involve the populacethrough theinstitutions, as mentioned above. Before any conclusion is made on any issue,
there will be institution by institutiondeliberations on a particular subject until a consensus is reached. Though in
recent years, this democratic institution which sufficiently sustained peace, justices and equity among the Igbo
people of pre-colonial Nigeria has suffered a big setback. This paper recommends among othersthat the political
institutions should be promoted and effectively involved in decision making and conflict resolution activities across
the Igbo nation aimed at promoting more peaceful coexistence in Igbo land.

Key words: Igbo, democracy, institutions, pre-colonial, British, Colonization, Community


 
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Pubmed Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439


Web Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=128562 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. JCR. (2020), [cited May 30, 2021]; 7(9): 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439



Harvard Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu (2020) AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. JCR, 7 (9), 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439



Turabian Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. 2020. AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439



Chicago Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. "AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu. "AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.9 (2020), 2795-2801. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Ignatius Nnaemeka Onwuatuegwu (2020) AN ESTABLISHED DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTION AMONG THE IGBO COMMUNITY EVEN BEFORE THE BRITISH COLONIZATION: A CRITICAL INVESTIGATION. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 2795-2801. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.439