ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov.

Abstract
Zarafshan River with tributaries of the Fandarya, Iskanderdarya, Kshtutdarya and Magiandarya is the main water
source of the basin. It starts from the Zarafshan glacier and before the confluence of the Magi Darya is called Matcha, at the
Chapanatinsky heights it is divided into Akdarya and Karadarya, forming the island of Minekal, and after their confluence it is
again called the river. Zarafshan. At the Makhankul discharge, the river is divided into Mahandarya and Karakuldarya. The
catchment area is 11722 km2, the weighted average height is 2930 m. The length of the river (from the confluence of Fandarya
and Matcha to the Karakul fan) is 576 km.
Irrigated agriculture in the Zarafshan valley began to develop in the second half of the 2nd millennium BC,
where the Zarafshan river played an important role. It received the greatest development in the I-IV centuries. AD with
the creation of channels by Darg, Mirzaaryk, Kalkanat, Zandana, Romitan, Shahrud, etc.

Key words: Sogdian documents from Mount Mug contain important information about the ancient period of Upper Zarafshan, which contain important information about cultivated crops, sale and purchase of land, winemaking and many other sides of this region


 
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Pubmed Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . JCR. 2020; 7(16): 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377


Web Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=125407 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . JCR. 2020; 7(16): 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . JCR. (2020), [cited May 30, 2021]; 7(16): 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377



Harvard Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov (2020) ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . JCR, 7 (16), 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377



Turabian Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. 2020. ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377



Chicago Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. "ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov. "ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 2951-2959. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

S. Suyunov, A.P. Aslanov, H.U. Rakhmonov (2020) ON THE HISTORY OF IRRIGATION AND WATER SOURCES OF THE ZARAFSHAN OASIS . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 2951-2959. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.377