ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN.

Abstract
Mythology lays the foundation of any culture and has been an agency that provides education and entertainment. But with
time, mythology turned out to be a constructed strategy that emphasized male dominance. Subsequently, this was used a key
that helped to maintain male supremacy and aided the subjugation of women in the name of beliefs by adding explanations
about the stringent morality to be followed. Mythologies in different cultures have been twisted to suit the purpose of man.
With misrepresentation and manipulation of original mythologies, women were shown as oppressed beings throughout
history. Out of many similarities, both Indian and Greek mythological stories draw parallels in the misrepresentation of
women characters also. Ahalya and Medusa are two seemingly different yet closely connected victims of patriarchy from two
different cultures. Out of the many versions of Medusa’s story, one fact to be noticed is that, each of them leads Perseus
claiming power from the Gorgons. The original story is that Medusa was raped by Poseidon on her visit to the temple of
goddess Athena. The goddess cursed her for breaking her chastity and destroying the purity of the temple. Ahalya on the
other hand is being cursed for being adulterous and damaging the sacred vow of marriage. This paper aims to critically
analyze how the ideas and ideologies propagated through mythical stories bring about changes within the cultures and
population. Moreover, it gives a brief idea about how representation of the characters Medusa and Ahalya are changed over
time.

Key words: Mythology, patriarchy, representation, culture, dominance


 
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Pubmed Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . JCR. 2020; 7(16): 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321


Web Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=122379 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . JCR. 2020; 7(16): 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . JCR. (2020), [cited May 30, 2021]; 7(16): 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321



Harvard Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN (2020) SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . JCR, 7 (16), 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321



Turabian Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. 2020. SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321



Chicago Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. "SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN. "SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA ." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.16 (2020), 2520-2526. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

KRISHNAPRIYA. K.L, Dr. K. RAJARAMAN (2020) SOCIAL CONDITIONING AND REPRESENTATION OF WOMEN: A CRITICAL INTROSPECTION INTO THE STORIES OF AHALYA AND MEDUSA . Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (16), 2520-2526. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.16.321