ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS

A. B. Bhattacharya.

Abstract
The seeds of modern cosmology, the so called Big-Bang theory of the universe and the future science and technology in a broad sense are visible in the writings of Guru Nanak. All these thoughts are compiled during 1604 in the form of Sri Guru Granth Sahib, the Sikh holy book. Guru Nanak moved from place to place enlightening the people about the truth of universe and human life. Astronomers during the last century pointed out that universe is expanding and the distance between distant galaxies is increasing with time. In Guru Nanak’s thought, he had already said in his compositions that for countless ages, there was utter darkness; time originated from the sun and the Lord Himself was in a state of nothingness from where ‘He’ came into existence himself. Einstein’s special theory of relativity also showed that energy and mass are two sides of the same coin. According to Guru Nanak, before creation God existed all alone as ‘Nirgun’ form. It means energy (i.e. without material properties) and then got transformed into ‘Sargun form’ (Matter). He further pointed out that there are billions of stars, solar systems and galaxies in the universe and it is almost impossible to account for the whole system as there is no limit, no end. The spread of the universe being limitless, no one knows how much the spread of universe is and so there is no possibility to know the end. The largest contribution of Guru Nanak to mankind was the teaching of "the science of the Word ‘Naam’ which in a true sense is dissimilar to other science disciplines. But it is a perfect science, covering the subject matter in 1430 pages of the Adi Granth, which were compiled and composed nicely by the Sikh prophets. Considering the universes and the big bang theory with an emphasis on oscillating and continuous creation, steady state theory and creation vs. evolution, Guru Nanak was able to balance spirituality and science and that is why the Sikh Scriptures or beliefs largely promoted the science and technology. Using emerging technologies NASA are working today for collecting information about the solar planetary system and have confirmed that there are billions of galaxies like ours in the universe. Much information to the line was mentioned in the Guru Granth Sahib, hundreds of years back.

Key words: Creation of the Universe, Modern Cosmology, Big-Bang Theory, Sri Guru Granth Sahib, Special Theory of Relativity, Solar Planetary System


 
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Pubmed Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117


Web Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=112229 [Access: May 30, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. JCR. 2020; 7(9): 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. JCR. (2020), [cited May 30, 2021]; 7(9): 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117



Harvard Style

A. B. Bhattacharya (2020) SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. JCR, 7 (9), 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117



Turabian Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. 2020. SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117



Chicago Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. "SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

A. B. Bhattacharya. "SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.9 (2020), 591-595. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

A. B. Bhattacharya (2020) SCIENTIFIC PERSPECTIVE OF GURU NANAK’S TEACHINGS. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (9), 591-595. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.09.117