ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram.

Abstract
Agnikarm has been one of the peculiar parasurgical procedures described in Sushrut Samhita. The most important indication of Agnikarma is when there is bleeding from vessel or diseases in which bleeding is expected.
(शोणिताती प्रवृत्तिशू अग्निकर्म कुर्यात सु सु.12/10). Technology, machines and instruments used for hemostasis now a days differ from ancient ones. However fundamental principle of heating the tissues remains same which is widely used in present era.
Earlier rods (shalaka) made from different metals were used for burning out bleeding veins. Red hot shalaka was applied on tissues and bleeders so that contraction of vessels occurs (........दाहसंकोचयेतसिरा सु.सु.14/40). So hemostasis was achieved by cauterization of tissues at high temperature. With advancement of technology especially in bio-medical engineering various machines like Electrocautery, Infrared coagulation, Electrosurgical unit (high frequency and low frequency) and LASERs were invented for similar purpose.
Electrocautery uses electrical current to heat a metal wire that is then applied to the target tissue in order to burn or coagulate the specific area of tissue. In Electrosurgical unit alternating current is passed through tissue and heat is created by the resistance of tissue to current. Electrodes are used to cut, coagulate or even fuse the tissue. IRC involves the use of infrared light as a heat source to coagulate vessels supplying blood. Lasers are used to ablate the veins in which amplified light energy is used to generate heat.
Tissue dehydration, protein coagulation and vaporization are the processes involved in achieving hemostasis.
Working principles and energy sourcesused in these devices vary from each other; however the hemostasis is achieved by common fundamental principle i.e. generating heat which is similar to Agnikarma.

Key words: Agnikarma, Hemostasis, Electrocautery, Lasers, BEIM


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22


Web Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=109996 [Access: August 17, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. JCR. 2020; 7(10): 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. JCR. (2020), [cited August 17, 2021]; 7(10): 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22



Harvard Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram (2020) PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. JCR, 7 (10), 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22



Turabian Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. 2020. PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22



Chicago Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. "PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram. "PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.10 (2020), 89-92. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Prafulla S. Fadanvis, Harshala Rajurkar, Ajay Meshram (2020) PRINCIPLES OF AGNIKARMA AND ITS ADVANCES FOR SHONITSTHAPAN (HEMOSTASIS).. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (10), 89-92. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.10.22