ISSN 2394-5125
 

Review Article 


PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE

Mohammed Umar Usmani, A.S.M. Abdul Awal.

Abstract
High consumption of plastic based products especially Polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottles had increased the volume of polymeric waste which in turn causing environmental problems. With the increase of awareness in sustainable development, researchers have come out with an idea of utilizing plastic waste fiber which is believed to offer some benefits such as waste reduction and resource conservation. In this research an attempt has been made to investigate the physical, mechanical and durability characteristics of concrete incorporating PET fibers from recycled bottle wastes and was exposed to acid and sulphate attack. At the first stage, fiber length of 10mm, 20mm and 30mm with 0.5% of fiber content was included into the concrete matrix to find out the optimum length of fiber to be used. Once the typical best length was determined, the fresh and hardened properties of concrete including workability, density, compressive strength, splitting tensile and flexural strength are determined with fiber volume range of 0.5% - 1.5%. The results revealed that the presence of PET fiber in concrete noticeably decreased the density and workability of concrete. Although a small amount of fibers increased the compressive strength, higher amount caused a reduction in compressive strength. However, the splitting tensile and flexural strength as well as the ductility of concrete were greatly enhanced. The concrete exposed to acid attack showed characteristic yellowish color and for sulphate it combines with C-S-H or concrete paste and destroys the paste. Out of this study, the optimum length and fiber volume determined were 20mm and 0.5% fiber volume fraction respectively. In conclusion, the PET fibers in concrete provided satisfactory performance showing good potential in concrete construction.

Key words: Polyethylene Terephthalate; Durability; Flexural Strength; Workability; Compressive Strength; Splitting Tensile strength


 
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Pubmed Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187


Web Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=100993 [Access: August 18, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. JCR. 2020; 7(5): 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. JCR. (2020), [cited August 18, 2021]; 7(5): 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187



Harvard Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal (2020) PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. JCR, 7 (5), 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187



Turabian Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. 2020. PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187



Chicago Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. "PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal. "PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.5 (2020), 908-916. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammed Umar Usmani , A.S.M. Abdul Awal (2020) PHYSICAL, MECHANICAL AND DURABLE CHARACTERISTICS OF CONCRETE INCORPORATING POLYETHYLENE TEREPHTHALATE FIBER FROM BOTTLE WASTE. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (5), 908-916. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.05.187