ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra)

Mohammad Karami.

Abstract
Background and purpose: In Islamic wisdom, "nutrition" is related not only to the body, but also to
the human soul and heavenly dimension. Modern medicine discusses only the material dimension
of nutrition, but in traditional medicine, the effect of the principles of wisdom on the wise and
traditional physicians of Iran is obvious and obvious. In this study, the emergence of a quality
called temperament by the soul (not the body) and also the mechanism of material effect of food on
the soul, temperament, sensual qualities and psycho-psychological traits as immaterial matters in
the discussion of nutrition has been explained.
Materials and Methods: The research was conducted by library study method. Based on the title
and key words, philosophical reference books (Ibn Sina and Mulla Sadra) and traditional Iranian
medicine and articles on the relationship between soul and body and the effect of nutrition on the
soul, sensual qualities and temperament in traditional medicine have been studied descriptivelyanalytically.
Is.
Findings: In this research, philosophical-medical principles of nutrition such as; 1- The relationship
between the soul and the body and the composition of the body for the soul; 2- The temperament of
the body and its relation to the soul; 3. The relationship between body and mind in traditional
medicine; 4- The principles governing nutrition such as: the heavenly realm of nutrition, its quality
with nutrition, its relationship with thought and belief, the skepticism of food and nutrition were
obtained.
Conclusion: It seems that "nutrition" (not food) as a material thing; First on the body and then for
reasons of its relationship with the soul, it affects human temperament. Nutritional reform
(quantitative and qualitative), respectively, strengthens the emotional (positive) and weakens the
negatives in order to refine morality, education and spiritual health, which in the present age,
deserves to be considered theoretically and practically.

Key words: Philosophical Foundations, Nutrition, Soul, Traditional Medicine, Temperament, Sensual Qualities


 
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Pubmed Style

Mohammad Karami. Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). JCR. 2021; 8(1): 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79


Web Style

Mohammad Karami. Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=57806 [Access: April 10, 2021]. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammad Karami. Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). JCR. 2021; 8(1): 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammad Karami. Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). JCR. (2021), [cited April 10, 2021]; 8(1): 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79



Harvard Style

Mohammad Karami (2021) Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). JCR, 8 (1), 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79



Turabian Style

Mohammad Karami. 2021. Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79



Chicago Style

Mohammad Karami. "Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8 (2021), 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammad Karami. "Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra)." Journal of Critical Reviews 8.1 (2021), 717-726. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammad Karami (2021) Analysis of Philosophical Principles of Nutrition in Traditional Iranian and Islamic Medicine (Formulation of An Analogy with Emphasis on The Views Of ibn Sina And Mulla Sadra). Journal of Critical Reviews, 8 (1), 717-726. doi:10.31838/jcr.08.01.79