ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro.

Abstract
This paper discusses Schopenhauer's concepts on suffering and the human will and appropriate them to the struggles of the Ati of Malay, Aklan. The current and protracted efforts of the Ati for their ancestral domain and their pleas for cultural recognition in the midst of pressing ethnic oppression prompted this study. First, to descriptively present the concepts, this paper utilized document analysis to present specific tenets from Schopenhauer and employed content analysis on publications and online contents in indigenous studies. Second, to extract primary perception, the study gathered first-hand responses from the Ati under warrant from both the government and the tribal leaders' approval. To triangulate the appropriation of Schopenhauer's concept to the lives of the Ati, critical analysis and parallelism were used; from these, the study found that the Ati's suffering from ethnic bigotry and oppressions motivating their struggle for their rights, cultural recognition and emancipation concurrently aligns with Schopenhauer's tenets that the person's pursuit for happiness is triggered by inevitable sufferings that are inseparable from existence. Lastly, to concretize the paradigm, the paper recommends that the government reevaluates and ascertains full and scrupulous implementation of RA 8371 as well as provide equity in providing social, educational and health services to the Ati community.

Key words: Arthur Schopenhauer, Pessimism, Sufferings of the World, Pain, Boredom, Despair, Ati people, Aklan


 
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Pubmed Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. JCR. 2020; 7(11): 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35


Web Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=110868 [Access: May 29, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. JCR. 2020; 7(11): 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. JCR. (2020), [cited May 29, 2020]; 7(11): 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35



Harvard Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro (2020) THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. JCR, 7 (11), 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35



Turabian Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. 2020. THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (11), 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35



Chicago Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. "THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro. "THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.11 (2020), 218-222. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

John Paul Petrola, Jake Ledesma, Christian Paul Venturillo, Kim Eric Del Rosario, Rowena Isidro (2020) THE WILL TO SELF-DETERMINATION: UNDERSTANDING THE LIFE OF ATI PEOPLE IN AKLAN, PHILIPPINES. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (11), 218-222. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.11.35





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