ISSN 2394-5125
 

Research Article 


Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals

Hilary I. Okagbue, Olusola T. Kayode, Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola.

Abstract
Retraction erodes the integrity in research. Author's composition of retracted articles in
environmental science israrely discussed. This paper presents retraction notices data extracted from the Scopus
database. As previously discussed, the number of retractions is growing steadily. Most articles are retracted
within five years of publication although, it takes more time for retraction of articles with multiple authors
which is an indication that collaboration reduces the incidence of scholarly misconduct. Retraction reduces with
increasing years after article publication. Finally, the analysis of variance yielded a p-value of 0.435 which
showed that the pattern of retraction is the same, the author composition, notwithstanding.

Key words: Bar chart, environmental science, retraction, retraction notice, statistics, years


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. JCR. 2020; 7(11): 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379


Web Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. http://www.jcreview.com/?mno=109933 [Access: September 14, 2020]. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. JCR. 2020; 7(11): 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. JCR. (2020), [cited September 14, 2020]; 7(11): 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379



Harvard Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola (2020) Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. JCR, 7 (11), 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379



Turabian Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. 2020. Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (11), 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379



Chicago Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. "Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals." Journal of Critical Reviews 7 (2020), 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola. "Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals." Journal of Critical Reviews 7.11 (2020), 2585-2592. Print. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hilary I. Okagbue , Olusola T. Kayode , Nkolika J. Peter, Elvir M. Akhmetshin, Adedotun O. Akinola (2020) Authorship and Years Before Retraction of Articles Published in Environmental Science Journals. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7 (11), 2585-2592. doi:10.31838/jcr.07.19.379